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The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
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Emotionally demanding workload and confrontational patients key stressors for GPs

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
The emotional impact of their daily workload and confrontational patients are among the key stressors for family doctors in England, reveals an analysis of feedback from general practitioners, published in the online journal BMJ Open.
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Patients' unfavorable views of hospital care strongly linked to nurse numbers

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Patients' unfavorable views of hospital care in England are strongly linked to insufficient numbers of nurses on duty, rather than uncaring staff, indicates observational research published in the online journal BMJ Open.
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New study reveals adverse impact of both type 2 and type 1 diabetes on pregnancy outcomes

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
A new study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) reveals that both type 2 (T2D) and type 1 diabetes (T1D) are associated with complications during pregnancy including stillbirths and emergency Caesarean sections, as well as increasing the risk of infant mortality.
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Cuttlefish hear bow wave of looming danger

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
As fish and other aquatic predators loom, their arrival is heralded by a bow wave of water and scientists from the University of Oslo, Norway and the University of Southern Denmark, have discovered that cuttlefish hear the approaching water and flee in the direction that the water is moving to evade capture.
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Experts call for action to address physician burnout in nephrology

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Kidney specialists face increasing work demands, high rates of burnout, and declining interest in nephrology as a career. A group of articles publishing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN) sheds light on how that these factors threaten to reduce job satisfaction and impair the delivery of high-quality care to patients with kidney diseases.
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Can writing your 'to-do's' help you to doze? Baylor study suggests jotting down tasks can

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Writing a 'to-do' list at bedtime may aid in falling asleep, according to a Baylor University study. Research compared sleep patterns of participants who took five minutes to write down upcoming duties versus participants who chronicled completed activities.
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All in the family: Focused genomic comparisons

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Aspergillus fungi are pathogens, decomposers, and important sources of biotechnologically-important enzymes. In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team led by researchers at the Technical University of Denmark, the DOE Joint Genome Institute and the Joint BioEnergy Institute report the first outcome from the large-scale sequencing of 300+ Aspergillus species. These findings are a proof of concept of novel methods to functionally annotate genomes to more quickly identify genes of interest.
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NASA calculated heavy rainfall leading to California mudslides

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Winter rains falling on recently burned ground triggered deadly mudslides in Santa Barbara County, California on Jan. 9. NASA calculated the amount of rain fall between Jan. 8 and 10, 2018 and calculated the potential for landslides.
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Northern corn leaf blight genes identified in new study

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Midwestern corn growers know the symptoms of northern corn leaf blight all too well: greenish-gray lesions on the leaves that can add up to major yield losses if not detected and treated early. Corn resistance genes have been identified, but the fungal disease has found ways to sneak around corn's defenses. Now, researchers have discovered how the fungus is outsmarting corn, and they may be able to use this information to help corn fight back.
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Study suggests many gay and bisexual men are skeptical, but attitudes are on the rise

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Undetectable = Untransimittable: Study suggests many gay and bisexual men are skeptical, but attitudes are on the rise.
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Scientists identify immune cells that keep gut fungi under control

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Immune cells that process food and bacterial antigens in the intestines control the intestinal population of fungi, according to a new study from Weill Cornell Medicine scientists. Defects in the fungus-fighting abilities of these cells may contribute to some cases of Crohn's disease and other forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
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Variation between strains may account for differences in vulnerability to infection

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
New research shows that subtle differences between bacterial strains may cause dramatic differences in outcome between people infected with the same microbe.
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UC biologists peek into the past to see the future through tiny spider eyes

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Biologists at UC look to the past for early genetic development of tiny spider and insect eyes to find potential for research into human visual challenges.
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No planets needed: NASA study shows disk patterns can self-generate

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
A new NASA study shows rings, arcs and spirals in disks around stars may not be caused by planets. They may self-generate.
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Hubble finds substellar objects in the Orion Nebula

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have uncovered the largest known population of brown dwarfs sprinkled among newborn stars in the Orion Nebula.
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Dengue takes low and slow approach to replication

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Dengue virus slowly takes over the endoplasmic reticulum, the production site for a subset of host proteins, and steers clear of the cytosol, the fluid-filled space where the majority of host cellular proteins are synthesized. Its viral RNA template is translated into protein in such an inefficient, lackadaisical manner that it doesn't trip alarms.
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Emergency department program for older adults cuts hospitalizations by 33 percent

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Roughly one third of all older patients age 65 and older visiting emergency departments nationwide are admitted to the hospital. But an emergency department program focused on geriatric transitional care has reduced the risk of unnecessary admission of older patients at Northwestern Medicine by 33 percent, according to a new study from Northwestern Univeristy, Mount Sinai Medical Center and St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center.
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Women and men military veterans, childhood adversity and alcohol and drug use

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Results of a national study led by public health scientist Elizabeth Evans at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, with others at the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and the University of California, Los Angeles, suggest that risk for alcohol and drug use disorders among United States military veterans is increased by childhood adversity, and in ways that are different between women and men and different compared to the civilian population.
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Researchers demonstrate RAS dimers are essential for cancer

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Researchers at UT Southwestern's Simmons Cancer Center have shown that RAS molecules act in pairs, known as dimers, to cause cancer, findings that could help guide them to a treatment.
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Failed outpatient sterilization procedures not associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes: Study

Jan 11 2018 - 00:01
Researchers looked at data from close to 1,000 pregnancies after failed outpatient and surgical sterilization procedures and found that while neither option was associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, outpatient procedures were more likely to result in a live birth and less likely to result in an ectopic pregnancy, which occurs outside of the uterus, when compared to surgical options.
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