Culture

Credentialism: Is a degree more than just a piece of paper?

Credentialism: Is a degree more than just a piece of paper?

Gaining that required qualification to put on your CV is what counts to win a job in today’s “graduate economy”. On current trends, perhaps everyone will have a degree by the end of this century. Already in Finland, a remarkable 80% of young people are now going to university.

Lethal wounds on skull may have been 430,000-year-old murder

Lethal wounds on skull may have been 430,000-year-old murder

Lethal wounds identified on a human skull in the Sima de los Huesos, Spain, may indicate one of the first cases of murder in human history, some 430,000 years ago, according to a study published May 27 2015 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Nohemi Sala from Centro Mixto UCM-ISCIII de Evolución y Comportamiento Humanos, Spain, and colleagues.

Experts on aging: UN Sustainable Development Goals discriminatory, ageist

One of the main health targets proposed by the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) is to reduce by one-third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases such as cancer, stroke and dementia. The goals for 2016-2030 define premature mortality as deaths occurring among people aged 69 years old or younger.

How we make emotional decisions

Some decisions arouse far more anxiety than others. Among the most anxiety-provoking are those that involve options with both positive and negative elements, such choosing to take a higher-paying job in a city far from family and friends, versus choosing to stay put with less pay.

Racial Socialization May Help Minority Children Succeed in School

A child’s ability to succeed academically is one of the strongest determinants of his or her future quality of life. In particular, it has been directly linked to overall longevity and several other critical health outcomes. Ashaunta Anderson, MD, MPH, an assistant professor of pediatrics at the Center for Healthy Communities in the University of California, Riverside School of Medicine, and a team of researchers have described the types of racial socialization in early childhood that may increase a child’s ability to flourish in school and ultimately lead a healthier life.

Career tracking of PhDs

ESF has just published a report on a pilot study of the career paths of post-doctorates and doctorate alumni from five research funding and research performing organisations: AXA Research Fund (AXA RF), France, Fonds National de la Recherche (FNR), Luxembourg, Goethe Graduate Academy at the Goethe University Frankfurt (GRADE), Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland and TDR, the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, a co-sponsored programme of UNICEF, UNDP, the World Bank and WHO.

Kids receive conflicting career messages from media

Teenage girls like and feel more similar to women in appearance-focused jobs such as models and actresses, though they find female CEOs and military pilots to be better role models, according to a new study by researchers at Oregon State University.

For the study, 100 girls and 76 boys ages 14 to 18 were shown photographs of model Heidi Klum, actress Jennifer Aniston, CEO Carly Fiorina and military pilot Sarah Deal Burrow. Klum and Aniston represented the appearance-focused careers and Fiorina and Deal Burrow represented the non-appearance focused careers.

The cultural psychology of Internet privacy concern

A new cross-cultural study of social network site users in Japan (Facebook and Mixi) and the US (Facebook), shows that Japanese users are more concerned about Internet privacy than Americans, and suggests that Americans’ lower sense of concern is due to a higher level of general trust in strangers.

That is, Americans are less likely to believe a stranger would take advantage of their private information, should it be leaked online.

Young Muslim thrillseekers won't find Paradise in Syria

Earlier this year, police revealed that at least 22 young women and girls as young as 15 have traveled to join Isis in Syria in the last 12 months. Joining a terrorist organization is all the rage among young people seeking adventure, but they won't get what they hope. For that reason, a Birmingham City University criminologist is urging young muslim “thrillseekers" to ignore the escapist vision offered by Islamic State.

Microbes collected by citizen scientists, grown on the International Space Station

Do microbes grow differently on the International Space Station than they do on Earth? Results from the growth of microbes collected by citizen scientists in Project MERCCURI indicate that most behave similarly in both places.

"While this data is extremely preliminary, it is potentially encouraging for long-term manned spaceflight," said David Coil, Ppoject scientist in the microbiology lab of Jonathan Eisen at the University of California, Davis.