Body

War on sun and dairy aftermath: More than a third of college athletes have low vitamin D

War on sun and dairy aftermath: More than a third of college athletes have low vitamin D

Up to 1 billion people globally have insufficient or deficient vitamin D levels, which was once a greater problem that it is now and the reason many western nations fortify milk with it. It used to be that the sun was used for such nourishment but with the modern war on both dairy and the sun, low vitamin D levels have become more common, even for elite college athletes, according to a new study.

But don't be duped into buying supplements, you can get it from your diet. Just eat more fish.

ID4: The switch that might tame the most aggressive of breast cancers

ID4: The switch that might tame the most aggressive of breast cancers

Triple-negative breast cancers are two distinct diseases that likely originate from different cell types. This helps explain why survival prospects for women with the diagnosis tend to be either very good or very bad. A research team has found a gene that drives the aggressive disease, and hopes to find a way to 'switch it off'.

The bacterial genetic pathway reason you may stink

Body odor is a reality of daily life. The smell is caused by bacteria on the skin breaking down naturally secreted molecules contained within sweat. Researchers from Unilever and the University of York have studied the underarm microbiome and identified a unique set of enzymes in the bacterium Staphylococcus hominis that is effective at breaking down sweat molecules into compounds known as thioalcohols, an important component of the characteristic body odor smell.

Eating fruits and vegetables with high pesticide residues linked to poor semen quality

Men who ate fruits and vegetables with higher levels of pesticide residues--such as strawberries, spinach, and peppers--had lower sperm count and a lower percentage of normal sperm than those who ate produce with lower residue levels, according to a new study by researchers at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. It is the first study to look at the connection between exposure to pesticide residues from fruits and vegetables and semen quality.

The study will appear online March 30, 2015 in the journal Human Reproduction.

Statins or no statins?

Cholesterol-lowering statins have transformed the treatment of heart disease. But while the decision to use the drugs in patients with a history of heart attacks and strokes is mostly clear-cut, that choice can be a far trickier proposition for the tens of millions of Americans with high cholesterol but no overt disease.

Now a report from preventive cardiologists at Johns Hopkins and elsewhere offers a set of useful tips for physicians to help their patients make the right call.

Oral drug normalizes blood potassium in 98 percent of kidney patients

Patients with chronic kidney disease may be treated with a class of medications called Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone System inhibitors (RAASI's). Although these drugs protect the heart and kidney, a significant percentage of patients develop a dangerous side effect -- high potassium levels in the blood (hyperkalemia).

Elevated potassium puts patients at risk of death from cardiac arrhythmias. Lacking a drug to treat the problem, doctors either stop these beneficial drugs or may use kidney dialysis to quickly lower the potassium.

Women of childbearing age need more white potatoes

A new study finds that vegetable consumption is very low among women of childbearing age (WCBA), and that the nutrient-rich white potato is an important vegetable to this population's diet, particularly among subgroups with the lowest intake.

Short bouts of high-intensity exercise before a fatty meal best for vascular health

A short burst of intensive exercise before eating a high fat meal is better for blood vessel function in young people than the currently recommended moderate-intensity exercise, according to a new study from the University of Exeter.

Cardiovascular diseases including heart attacks and stroke are the leading cause of death in the UK, and the process underlying these diseases start in youth. An impairment in the function of blood vessels is thought to be the earliest event in this process, and this is known to occur in the hours after consuming a high fat meal.

Women have fewer complications after total knee, hip replacement

Women tend to have their first total joint replacement at an older age, they are still less likely to have complications related to their surgery or require revision surgery, according to a new paper at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS). The findings contradict the theory that total joint replacement is underutilized in female patients because they have worse outcomes then men.

New way to evaluate meniscus tear outcomes

An individual's meniscus (cushion in the knee) is one of the most important ligaments in the leg providing stability, load bearing and preservation of the knee joint. It is also one of the most easily injured areas and difficult to fully heal. Researchers presenting their study at today's Specialty Day meeting of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) utilized MRI data to determine the potential for biologic healing following a meniscus tear.