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Updated: 5 min 27 sec ago
In the largest study of its kind, nine novel genes for osteoarthritis have been discovered by scientists from the University of Sheffield and their collaborators.
In Nature Biotechnology, an international team including scientists at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI), a DOE Office of Science User Facility, present a reference catalog of rumen microbial genomes and isolates cultivated and sequenced from the Hungate1000 collection. One of the largest targeted cultivation and sequencing projects to date, the collection was produced through the coordinated efforts of rumen microbiology researchers worldwide.
One in four drugs with human targets inhibit the growth of bacteria in the human gut. These drugs cause antibiotic-like side-effects and may promote antibiotic resistance, EMBL researchers report in Nature on March 19.
A team of Inserm and CNRS researchers from the Institute of Pharmacology and Structural Biology -- or IPBS -- have identified a protein that acts like a sensor detecting various allergens in the respiratory tract responsible for asthma attacks. Their study, codirected by Corinne Cayrol and Jean-Philippe Girard, is published in Nature Immunology on March 19, 2018. These scientists' work offers hope for breakthroughs in the treatment of allergic diseases.
Shark Bay seagrass carbon storage hotspot suffer alarming losses after a devastating marine heat wave, according to a study involving KAUST researchers.
Microfluidic device developed by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators may help solve a significant and persistent challenge in medicine -- diagnosing the life-threatening complication of sepsis.
Fish, mice and likely all modern-day vertebrates share genetic elements first used to develop the unpaired dorsal fin in ancient fish. They later copied these elements to produce paired appendages, like pelvic and pectoral fins, arms and legs.
Scientific recipes to successfully grow and study gut bacteria in the lab: that's what EMBL scientists are publishing in Nature Microbiology on March 19. They report on the nutritional preferences and growth characteristics of 96 diverse gut bacterial strains. Their results will help scientists worldwide advance our understanding of the gut microbiome.
In discovering how an antibiotic kills the bacteria that cause tuberculosis, scientists open the door to new treatments for the disease -- and possibly others, as well.
For the first time, cellular machines called ribosomes -- which create proteins in every cell of the body -- have been linked to blood stem cell differentiation. The findings, published today in Cell, have revealed a potential new therapeutic pathway to treat Diamond-Blackfan anemia.
More Arctic sea ice is entering the North Atlantic Ocean than before, making it increasingly dangerous for ships to navigate those waters in late spring, according to new research.
Scientists from Far Eastern Federal University developed a new synthetic derivative of fascaplysin -- a biologically active substance with antitumoral properties obtained from sea sponges. Biological tests have shown that the compound is 2-3 times more active than fascaplysin. The results of the study were published in the well-known scientific journal Tetrahedron Letters.
In a new study, researchers from the US Department of Energy's Argonne and Brookhaven National Laboratories observed the formation of two kinds of defects in individual nanowires, which are smaller in diameter than a human hair.
An MIT scientist has detected radio echoes of a black hole feeding on a star, suggesting black hole emits a jet of energy proportional to the stellar material it gobbles up.
One in five Muslim Canadians say they have experienced discrimination due to their religion, ethnicity or culture at least once in the past five years.
When cattle congregate, they're often cast as the poster animals for overgrazing, water pollution and an unsustainable industry. While some of the criticism is warranted, cattle production -- even allowing herds to roam through grasslands and orchards -- can be beneficial to the environment as well as sustainable.
Increased letter spacing helps individuals read faster, but not due to visual processing, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.
Reproducibility of scientific findings has long been an important indicator of the validity of data gleaned from research, a process deemed even more critical in this age of ever-changing technologies and methods. IU Bloomington scientists invited discussion on the main topics of defining reproducibility in various research contexts and providing remedies that contribute to greater reproducibility and transparency in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Sackler Colloquium series.
New research finds that 'Oumuamua, the rocky object identified as the first confirmed interstellar asteroid, very likely came from a binary star system.
Würzburg researchers have developed a new analysis technique that sheds more light on viral infections. They used the new method to demonstrate that virus-infected cells produce far more infection-related proteins and peptides than previously thought.