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The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
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Obesity in women and current smoking in men predict lack of remission in early RA

Jun 15 2018 - 00:06
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) report that obesity in women and current smoking in men were the strongest predictors of not achieving remission in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) within a year.
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Gout in the elderly linked to higher risk of dementia

Jun 15 2018 - 00:06
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) suggest that gout is associated with a 17-20 percent higher risk of dementia in the elderly.
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Why the tongue of the Pine Island Glacier suddenly shrank

Jun 15 2018 - 00:06
The Pine Island Glacier in Western Antarctica is not only one of the fastest-flowing ice streams in the Southern Hemisphere; over the past 11 years, four major icebergs have calved from its floating tongue.
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Both quantity and quality of sleep affect cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents

Jun 15 2018 - 00:06
A study from a research team led by a MassGeneral Hospital for Children physician finds that both the quantity and quality of sleep -- the amount of time spent sleeping and the percentage of sleep that is undisturbed -- in young adolescents have significant effects on aspects of cardiovascular health.
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American Academy of Ophthalmology reiterates long-standing guidance on LASIK education

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
The American Academy of Ophthalmology, the world's leading professional association of eye physicians and surgeons, today reiterated its long-standing guidance for patients considering LASIK vision correction surgery.The possible complications from this elective procedure have long been known but have nevertheless garnered recent attention in the national media.
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Camouflaged nanoparticles used to deliver killer protein to cancer

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
A biomimetic nanosystem can deliver therapeutic proteins to selectively target cancerous tumors, according to a team of Penn State researchers.
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When the river runs high

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
A massive world-wide study of dry riverbeds has found they're contributing more carbon emissions than previously thought, and this could help scientists better understand how to fight climate change.
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UM study confirms that bromeliads contribute to mosquito breeding in Miami

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
With vector-borne diseases posing an increasing public health threat to communities in South Florida and elsewhere, a new study led by public health researchers at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine has revealed that ornamental bromeliad plants contribute to breeding of the Aedes aegypti mosquito--a key culprit for the Zika outbreak that hit Miami-Dade County and other areas of Florida and the Americas in 2016. Aedes aegypti was the most dominant species of mosquito in the study's test sites.
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Pancreatic cancer patients with BRCA mutation may benefit from targeted drug

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
Rachna Shroff, M.D., led a landmark study on the use of targeted drugs called PARP inhibitors in pancreatic cancer patients with BRCA mutations.
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Study finds less corruption in countries where more women are in government

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
The new research is the most comprehensive study on this topic and looks at the implications of the presence of women in other occupations as including the shares of women in the labor force, clerical positions, and decision making positions such as the CEOs and other managerial positions.
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US smokers don't believe vaping is less harmful than smoking

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
A growing proportion of US adults do not believe that e-cigarettes are less harmful than smoking, according to an analysis of the US Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study data from 2013 to 2015.
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Who is to blame for marine litter?

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
Members of the public are more likely to blame the global marine litter crisis on retailers, industry and government, according to new research led by the University of Plymouth.
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The Lancet: Study questions the benefits of abdominal aortic aneurysm screening in men

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm -- swelling of the major artery in the abdomen, which can cause sudden death if it ruptures -- may not substantially reduce deaths from the condition, according to a Swedish cohort study of more than 130,000 men published in The Lancet. The findings question the need for the screening, which is also conducted in the UK and US.
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Rapid genetic testing can prevent hearing loss in newborns treated for sepsis

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
More than a million neonatal deaths worldwide each year are estimated to be due to sepsis. Many patients receive antibiotic therapy during their hospital stay, but babies with a specific genetic change can suffer irreversible hearing loss as a result. Now, a rapid test for distinguishing those infants who will have this adverse reaction to gentamicin has been developed.
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Mammals going nocturnal to avoid humans

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
Human activity is causing the planet's mammals to flee daylight for the protection of night, according to a new study from the University of California, Berkeley.
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Early birds less prone to depression

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
A study of 32,000 women found that those with an early chronotype, or sleep-wake preference, were significantly less likely to develop depression.
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Researchers can count on improved proteomics method

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
Princeton's Martin Wühr has improved upon his method to accurately count the proteins present in a cell under different circumstances. 'The TMTc+ method is in a kind of sweet spot compared to the other methods [of isobaric tagging],' Wühr says. 'It provides superb measurement accuracy and precision, it's at least as sensitive as any other method, and it's compatible with around ten times more mass spectrometers than TMT-MS3.'
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Children in India demonstrate religious tolerance, study finds

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
A new investigation of how children reason about religious rules reveals a remarkable level of acceptance of different religions' rules and practices.
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International research team finds brain changes linked to sleep need

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
We've all experienced going to bed tired and waking up refreshed, yet how that happens at the molecular level remains a mystery. An international study published today in Nature sheds new light on the biochemistry of sleep need in the brain.
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When emotional memories intrude, focusing on context could help, study finds

Jun 14 2018 - 00:06
When negative memories intrude, focusing on the contextual details of the incident rather than the emotional fallout could help minimize cognitive disruption and redirect the brain's resources to the task at hand, suggests a new study by psychologists at the University of Illinois.
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