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The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Updated: 13 min 49 sec ago

In the brain, dislike and dehumanization are not the same thing

8 hours 7 min ago
It has long been thought that when people characterized others as less-than-human, it was an expression of extreme dislike. New research shows that in fact judgements about dislike and dehumanization of people occur in separate brain regions, suggesting they are different psychological processes. This has implications for how we understand the migrant detention crisis in America as well as intergroup conflict around the world.
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Plaster which sticks inside the mouth will revolutionise treatment of oral conditions

8 hours 7 min ago
A new biodegradable patch administers steroids directly to oral ulcers and forms a protective barrier.
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Clostridium difficile infections have decreased 36 percent in Canadian hospitals

8 hours 7 min ago
Rates of C. difficile infections have decreased 36 percent in hospitals across Canada, although the virulent NAP1 strain associated with severe illness and deaths is the most common strain, according to research published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
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Justice not blind to gender bias

8 hours 7 min ago
Study participants found male attorneys delivering a fiery closing argument to be commanding and powerful, and found female attorneys delivering the same argument to be shrill and ineffective.
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Risk of autism increased in children of mothers with diabetes

Jun 23 2018 - 00:06
The risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was increased in children of mothers with the three main types of diabetes that complicate pregnancy, findings that add new information on type 1 diabetes and extend what is already known about type 2 and gestational diabetes.
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Social bonding key cause of football violence

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
As World Cup fever sets in, increased hooliganism and football related violence are legitimate international concerns. Previous research has linked sports-related hooliganism to 'social maladjustment' e.g. previous episodes of violence or dysfunctional behaviour at home, work or school etc. However, social bonding and a desire to protect and defend other fans may be one of the main motivations not only for football hooliganism, but extremist group behaviour in general, according to new Oxford University research.
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Penn study reveals new therapeutic target for slowing the spread of flu virus

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Influenza A (flu A) hijacks host proteins for viral RNA splicing and blocking these interactions caused replication of the virus to slow, which could point to novel strategies for antiviral therapies.
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New research on avian response to wildfires

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
New research explores the effects fire has on ecosystems and the wildlife species that inhabit them. Scientists examined the impacts of fires of different severity levels on birds and how that changes as the time since fire increases. Scientists looked across 10 fires after they burned through forests in the Sierra Nevada. A key finding was that wildfire had strong, but varied, effects on the density of many of the bird species that were studied.
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NASA's IMERG examines flooding in southern Texas from tropical disturbance

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
While Tropical Storm Bud was lashing parts of western Mexico and causing flooding that extended into the American Southwest, a tropical disturbance was spinning over the Gulf of Mexico and straddling southeastern Texas. This system sat in place for almost a week bringing extremely heavy rainfall and causing a flash flood emergency. More than 15 inches (381 mm) of rain fell in Hidalgo County, Texas between June 18 and 22.
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Tiny jumping roundworm undergoes unusual sexual development

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Nathan Schroeder, assistant professor in the Department of Crop Sciences at the University of Illinois, has shown that gonad development varies in other nematodes relative to C. elegans. Specifically, he and graduate student Hung Xuan Bui focused on Steinernema carpocapsae, a nematode used in insect biocontrol applications in lawns and gardens.
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USGS estimates 8.5 billion barrels of oil in Texas' Eagle Ford Group

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
The Eagle Ford Group of Texas contains estimated means of 8.5 billion barrels of oil, 66 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 1.9 billion barrels of natural gas liquids, according to a new assessment by the U.S. Geological Survey. This estimate consists of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources in continuous accumulations.
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Strong sibling bond protects against negative effects of fighting parents

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Generally, children who experience recurrent destructive conflicts between their parents are at a higher risk of developing mental health problems. However, a new longitudinal study published in Child Development finds that strong sibling bonds can offset the negative effects of parental strife.
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About face: Special collection of papers celebrates research on how the human face forms

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Our faces can reveal a lot about us, and now scientists are revealing a lot about faces. PLOS Genetics announces a special collection of papers to highlight recent advances in our understanding of how faces form, curated by Seth Weinberg of the University of Pittsburgh, and colleagues. The collection, entitled "Craniofacial genetics: where have we been and where are we going," publishes June 22 and features research on the development of the face and skull, facial birth defects and normal facial variation.
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When low batteries are a good thing

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
A new study led by Marc Veldhoen, group leader at Instituto de Medicina Molecular João Lobo Antunes (iMM) shows how these cells are kept under control. The work published now in Science Immunology, reveals that the "batteries" of these cells have a different composition that reduces their capacity of producing energy, keeping them in a controlled activated mode.
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Low-cost plastic sensors could monitor a range of health conditions

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
An international team of researchers have developed a low-cost sensor made from semiconducting plastic that can be used to diagnose or monitor a wide range of health conditions, such as surgical complications or neurodegenerative diseases.
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Detecting metabolites at close range

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Pairing a conjugated polymer with a redox enzyme generates a fast, selective, and sensitive electrochemical biosensor for metabolites.
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Men tolerate stress incontinence years before seeking help

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Men often tolerate stress urinary incontinence for more than two years before seeking medical help -- and one-third put up with it for more than five years, making it important for doctors to check for this problem, a new study from UT Southwestern researchers advises.
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Using tree-fall patterns to calculate tornado wind speed

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Daniel M. Rhee, a PhD student at University of Illinois specializing in Structures in Civil Engineering, focuses his research on modeling tornadoes and near-surface wind speeds using tree-fall and damage patterns. With this method, Rhee and his research advisor, Franklin T. Lombardo, estimated the near-surface wind speeds of an actual tornado event in Naplate, IL. Rhee will present this research at the Ecological Society of America's 2018 Annual Meeting in New Orleans, LA.
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GA4GH streaming API htsget a bridge to the future for modern genomic data processing

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
In a paper in the journal Bioinformatics released on June 20, the Large Scale Genomics Work Stream announced six new implementations of its htsget protocol for streaming genomic without using file transfers.
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Dynamic modeling helps predict the behaviors of gut microbes

Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
A new study provides a platform for predicting how microbial gut communities work and represents a first step toward understanding how to manipulate the properties of the gut ecosystem. This could allow scientists to, for example, design a probiotic that persists in the gut or tailor a diet to positively influence human health.
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