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People who have been diagnosed with a mild concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury, may have a 56 percent increased risk of developing Parkinson's disease, according to a study published in the April 18, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
A research group, including scientists from Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITF), described a universal feature, in which many unique graphene properties are hidden. The study showed that abnormal graphene behavior can be fully characterised by Poisson ratio, which determines material capability to shrink or extend in transverse dimension. Moreover, the scientists found key factors that can influence this feature. The results are published in Physical Review B.
Seoul National University has created a synthesis method to make optically active and chiral gold nanoparticles using amino acids and peptides for the first time. Many chemicals significant to life have mirror-imaged twins and such characteristics are conventionally called as chirality. This study describes how the chirality, typically observed in organic molecules, can be extended to three-dimensional metallic nanostructures. The research will be published in Nature and featured in its cover.
In a qualitative study, researchers focused on Cleveland service providers who shared how foreclosure affects their clients. The research was recently published in The Journal of Contemporary Social Services.
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified a protein that is strongly associated with metastatic breast cancer and that could be a target for future therapies.
Scientists are digitizing the wealth of data attached to herbarium specimens and using those data to address questions ranging from species identification to global climate change. This special issue explores methods, challenges, and applications of these collections data, with articles addressing topics including globally unique identifiers, deep learning and computer recognition, and citizen science initiatives.
Misdiagnosed Aortic Intramural Hematoma and the Role of Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging in Detection of Acute Aortic SyndromeIn the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume 2, Number 4, 2018, pp 447-449(3); DOI: https://doi.org/10.15212/CVIA.2017.0028, Niya Mileva, Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria and other researchers from Poland and Italy present a case study of misdiagnosed aortic intramural hematoma and the role of intravascular ultrasound imaging in detection of acute aortic syndrome.
In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume 2, Number 4, 2018, pp 439-446(8); DOI: https://doi.org/10.15212/CVIA.2017.0027, researchers Yee-Ping Sun and Patrick T. O'Gara, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., USA present a case study of management of rheumatic mitral regurgitation in a woman contemplating pregnancy.
In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume 2, Number 4, 2018, pp 435-437(3), researchers Marc Katz of Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA and Scott D. Lim of University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Va., USA present a case study about ischemic mitral regurgitation.
Nationally, urban/community tree cover declined from 42.9 percent to 42.2 percent between 2009-2014. This translates to losing an estimated 36 million trees or approximately 175,000 acres of tree cover annually.
In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume 2, Number 4, 2018, pp 431-434(4), researcher Blase A. Carabello, from East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA presents a case study of an asymptomatic patient with severe mitral regurgitation.
If Star Wars' R2-D2 is your idea of a robot, think again. Researchers led by a University of Houston engineer have reported a new class of soft robot, composed of ultrathin sensing, actuating electronics and temperature-sensitive artificial muscle that can adapt to the environment and crawl, similar to the movement of an inchworm or caterpillar.
Researchers in the University at Buffalo School of Management have developed a new algorithm that cloud computing service providers can use to establish pricing and allocate resources.
Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, have developed a robot that can autonomously assemble IKEA's Stefan chair in 8 minutes and 55 seconds.
ETH researchers working with Martin Fussenegger have developed an early warning system for the four most common types of cancer. Should a tumor develop, a visible mole will appear on the skin.
Researchers found significant difference in the molecular machinery that turns on and off gene expression between cerebellum and prefrontal cortex of a mouse brain. Their results provide clues to the molecular apparatus that is involved in conscious thinking in brains.
Researchers at the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center designed this new delivery system -- a drug hidden in a nanodisc -- to increase the number of patients who can be treated successfully with cancer immunotherapy drugs.
Selective breeding just before and during the Iron Age nearly 3,000 years ago is likely the reason for the lack of variability in modern domestic horses' paternally inherited DNA, a trait unique among livestock animals.
Scientists have created a biomedical tattoo that becomes visible on the skin of mice in response to elevated levels of calcium in the blood.
A new study has revealed a previously undocumented process where melting glacial ice sheets change the ocean in a way that further accelerates the rate of ice melt and sea level rise.Led by IMAS PhD student Alessandro Silvano and published in the journal Science Advances, the research found that glacial meltwater makes the ocean's surface layer less salty and more buoyant, preventing deep mixing in winter and allowing warm water at depth to retain its heat and further melt glaciers from below.