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Being bilingual may help autistic children

Eurekalert - 2 hours 21 min ago
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) often have a hard time switching gears from one task to another. But being bilingual may actually make it a bit easier for them to do so, according to a new study which was recently published in Child Development.
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Math can predict how cancer cells evolve

Eurekalert - 2 hours 21 min ago
Applied mathematics can be a powerful tool in helping predict the genesis and evolution of different types of cancers, a study from the University of Waterloo has found.
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Declining trust in facts, institutions imposes real-world costs on US society, RAND report finds

Eurekalert - 2 hours 21 min ago
Americans' reliance on facts to discuss public issues has declined significantly in the past two decades, leading to political paralysis and collapse of civil discourse.
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Who uses phone apps to track sleep habits? Mostly the healthy and wealthy in US

Eurekalert - 2 hours 21 min ago
The profile of most Americans who use popular mobile phone apps that track sleep habits is that they are relatively affluent, claim to eat well, and say they are in good health, even if some of them tend to smoke.
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Shale gas is one of the least sustainable ways to produce electricity, research finds

Eurekalert - 2 hours 21 min ago
Shale gas is one of least sustainable options for producing electricity, according to new research from The University of Manchester.
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Don't hold your nose and close your mouth when you sneeze, doctors warn

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
Pinching your nose while clamping your mouth shut to contain a forceful sneeze isn't a good idea, warn doctors in the journal BMJ Case Reports.
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Starting periods before age of 12 linked to heightened risk of heart disease and stroke

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
Starting periods early -- before the age of 12 -- is linked to a heightened risk of heart disease and stroke in later life, suggests an analysis of data from the UK Biobank study, published online in the journal Heart.
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Teens likely to crave junk food after watching TV ads

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
Teenagers who watch more than three hours of commercial TV a day are more likely to eat hundreds of extra junk food snacks, according to a report by Cancer Research UK.
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Normal tissue BRCA1 methylation associated with risk for high-grade ovarian cancer

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
Normal tissue BRCA1 methylation is associated with risk for high-grade ovarian cancer and may occur as a prenatal event. These findings are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
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Stop the clots, spare the coagulation

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
In the fight to cure thromboinflammatory diseases, one of the target molecules is thrombin, a protein that promotes inflammation and can cause blood clots. However, inhibiting thrombin too much can lead to uncontrolled bleeding, limiting the use of anti-inflammatory drugs. Now, researchers from BIDMC and the Wyss Institute have found that a class of small molecule called 'parmodulins' can reduce inflammation without compromising normal blood clotting, making parmodulins attractive candidates for new, safer drugs.
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New Carnegie Mellon dynamic statistical model follows gene expressions over time

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
Published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the model now gives researchers a tool that extends past observing static networks at a single snapshot in time, which is hugely beneficial since network data are usually dynamic.
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Improvements in mortality rates are slowed by rise in obesity in the United States

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
With medical advances and efforts to curb smoking, one might expect that US life expectancy would improve. Yet there's been a reduction in the rate of improvement in American mortality during the last three decades. Penn researchers say a rise in obesity is to blame, slowing declines in death rates by a half-percentage point per year. The scientists estimate that rising obesity was about twice as important for mortality trends as a decline in smoking.
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Diabetes gene found that causes low and high blood sugar levels in the same family

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
A Queen Mary University of London study of families with rare blood sugar conditions has revealed a new gene thought to be critical in the regulation of insulin, the key hormone in diabetes.
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Researchers develop a remote-controlled cancer immunotherapy system

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
A team of researchers has developed an ultrasound-based system that can non-invasively and remotely control genetic processes in live immune T cells so that they recognize and kill cancer cells.
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Lifting barriers to citizenship for low-income immigrants

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
Gaining citizenship brings life-changing opportunities, but high application fees make it unaffordable for many immigrants who are ineligible for a federal waiver. When the NaturalizeNY program offered vouchers covering the fee, recipients were twice as likely to apply. Local and federal governments can take action to make citizenship affordable for all.
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Novel 3-D printing technique yields high-performance composites

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
A team of researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) has demonstrated a novel 3-D printing method that yields unprecedented control of the arrangement of short fibers embedded in polymer matrices. They used this additive manufacturing technique to program fiber orientation within epoxy composites in specified locations, enabling the creation of structural materials that are optimized for strength, stiffness, and damage tolerance.
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War in Ukraine has escalated HIV spread in the country

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
Conflict in Ukraine has increased the risk of HIV outbreaks throughout the country as displaced HIV-infected people move from war-affected regions to areas with higher risk of transmission, according to analysis by scientists.
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Brain imaging predicts language learning in deaf children

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
MRI brain scans can predict language improvement after a cochlear implant, laying the foundation for creation of brain specific therapy.
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Preterm babies may suffer setbacks in auditory brain development, speech

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
Preterm babies born early in the third trimester of pregnancy are likely to experience delays in the development of the auditory cortex, a brain region essential to hearing and understanding sound, a new study reveals. Such delays are associated with speech and language impairments at age 2, the researchers found.
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Exploring the neuroscience of behavioral therapy in rats

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
Psychotherapy may improve symptoms of psychiatric disorders by increasing activity in the medial prefrontal cortex, suggests a study of rats exposed to chronic stress. The research, published in JNeurosci, is a step toward understanding how the brain processes influenced by behavioral therapy may be targeted to improve treatment.
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