Feed aggregator

EU Fisheries failures jeopardise sustainability of small fishing communities

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Traditional artisanal fishing has been harmed by EU fishing policies that favour big businesses and ignores other more sustainable approaches to conserving fish stocks, according to new research from the University of Kent. This is the main finding of research by Dr Alicia Said, Professor Douglas MacMillan, and Dr Joseph Tzanopoulos of the School of Anthropology and Conservation (SAC) published in the world-leading open-access journal Frontiers in Marine Sciences.
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Scientists reveal the hidden costs of cobalt mining in DR Congo

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Cobalt mining comes at a great cost to public health in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. New research reveals that children are particularly vulnerable: their urine and blood samples contain high concentrations of cobalt and other metals.
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Basking sharks can jump as high and as fast as great whites

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
These gentle giants, which can grow up to 10 m in length, have been recorded jumping out of the water as high and as fast as great white sharks. Marine biologists are unsure why they do this, but have pointed to this phenomenon as evidence of how much we still have to learn about marine life.
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Simpler and safer method for handling a useful but foul-smelling gas in chemical synthesis

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Researchers at the Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO) and Department of Chemistry, Aarhus University, have developed both an ingenious, as well as a safe procedure for using the 'rotten egg' smelling and flammable gas, methanethiol, in certain chemical reactions.
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Drop in EU/EEA measles cases between March and July 2018

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
During the month of July, a total of 758 cases of measles were reported across seventeen countries in the EU/EEA, which is a decrease from the 1054 cases reported during the month of June.
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New test procedure accelerates the diagnosis of multi-resistant hospital pathogens

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
A research team from the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Cologne and the German Centre for Infection Research has achieved a breakthrough: The diagnosis of multi-resistant hospital pathogens is now possible in 45 minutes instead of 72 hours. Further research is necessary before the procedure is ready for clinical application.
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Climate change modifies the composition of reefs

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Corals devastated by climate change are being replaced naturally by other species such as gorgonians, which are less efficient in acting as a carbon sink. A study by the ICTA-UAB analyzes for the first time why gorgonians are more resistant than corals to human impacts and global climate change.
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Pairing zebrafish by personality improves fitness of the species

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Scientists have challenged the theory of 'love at first sight' after discovering that they can boost the reproductive success of zebrafish by pairing them by personality, rather than appearance.
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Analysis of sea squirt embryo reveals key molecules in dopaminergic neuron differentiation

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Researchers at University of Tsukuba used a novel approach for analyzing the central nervous system of a proto-vertebrate to identify a regulatory cocktail that induces the creation of dopaminergic neurons/coronet cells, a primitive version of the hypothalamus. The findings shed more light on how neurons differentiate into particular subtypes, with potential implications for the treatment of conditions such as Parkinson's disease.
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Surprise finding uncovers balancing act between birth defects and cancer

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers have made a surprise discovery about how subtle changes in the way cell survival is regulated during embryonic development can have drastic health implications.
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Scientists quantify the vast and valuable finds stored on museum shelves

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Days after a fire tore through Brazil's National Museum and destroyed specimens of irreplaceable heritage, a team of scientists has quantified the vast number of fossils that sit unstudied in natural history collections. Researchers from the California Academy of Sciences, University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP), and partner institutions are working to preserve these "dark data" in online databases, highlighting the need for underfunded museums around the world to invest in the digital preservation of their collections.
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Study at Johns Hopkins hospital leads to changes in reporting patient safety concerns

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
In a case study published online last week in Academic Medicine, an international team of researchers led by the University of Cambridge and Johns Hopkins Medicine looked at what prevented employees from raising concerns.
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Smartphone, M.D.

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
In a potential game changer for the health care industry, a new cell phone app and lab kit now allow a smartphone to identify bacteria from patients anywhere in the world. With the new app, doctors will be able to diagnose diseases and prescribe the appropriate antibiotic within a one-hour office visit, meaning faster recovery -- and lower treatment costs -- for patients.
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Researchers look to immune cell shapes to predict how well body will fight lung cancers

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have discovered how to quickly and accurately predict which lung cancer patients will benefit from chemotherapy by analyzing the arrangement--not the number-- of cells the body sends out to fight the disease.
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A new approach towards developing a vaccine against vivax malaria

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
A novel study indicates promising avenues in an innovative approach for developing a vaccine against Plasmodium vivax, the most prevalent human malaria parasite outside sub-Saharan Africa. The study, led by researchers from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health, indicates the possibility of using small vesicles (or exosomes) secreted by immature red blood cells as a vaccine platform against malaria. The paper, carried out in collaboration with IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, was published in Scientific Reports.
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American girls read and write better than boys

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
As early as the fourth grade, girls perform better than boys on standardized tests in reading and writing, and as they get older that achievement gap widens even more, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.
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Detecting epigenetic signature may help people stay ahead of IBD

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
With an estimated 1.6 million people in the US dealing with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), physicians can have a hard time telling which newly diagnosed patients have a high risk of severe inflammation or what therapies will be most effective. Now researchers report in the journal JCI Insights finding an epigenetic signature in patient cells that appears to predict inflammation risk in a serious type of IBD called Crohn's disease.
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Putting underused smart devices to work

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
There are currently millions of heavily underutilized devices in the World. The storage, networking, sensing and computational power of laptops, smartphones, routers or base stations grows with each newversion and product release. Why not put all those extra gigabytes of memory and those powerful processing units to work collaboratively and expand the services available to all of us?
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Research proves South East Asian population boom 4,000 years ago

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Researchers have uncovered a previously unconfirmed population boom across South East Asia that occurred 4,000 years ago, thanks to a new method for measuring prehistoric population growth.
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A behavioral intervention for cancer patients that works

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
This is a story about something rare in health psychology: a treatment that has gone from scientific discovery, through development and testing, to dissemination and successful implementation nationwide.In a new study, researchers found that a program designed at The Ohio State University to reduce harmful stress in cancer patients can be taught to therapists from around the country and implemented at their sites, and effectively improves mood in their patients.
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