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Why are data ethics so challenging in a changing world?

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
We now live largely in a data-driven world, and ethical oversight and constraints are needed to be sure that data ethics can reach an appropriate balance between the risks and benefits of data technology.
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Common painkiller not effective for chronic pain after traumatic nerve injury

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
A new study out today in the Journal of Neurology finds that pregabalin is not effective in controlling the chronic pain that sometimes develops following traumatic nerve injury. The results of the international study, which was driven by an effort to identify effective non-opioid pain medications, did show potential in relieving in pain that sometimes lingers after surgery.
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Women with non-small cell lung cancers live longer than men, WCLC study shows

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
Women diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancers live longer than their male counterparts, according to results of a SWOG study presented today at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer's 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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How a molecular signal helps plant cells decide when to make oil

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
Scientists identify new details of how a sugar-signaling molecule helps regulate oil production in plant cells. The work could point to new ways to engineer plants to produce substantial amounts of oil for use as biofuels or in the production of other oil-based products.
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A new way to count qubits

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
Researchers at Syracuse University, working with collaborators at the University of Wisconsin (UW)-Madison, have developed a new technique for measuring the state of quantum bits, or qubits, in a quantum computer.
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Spinal cord stimulation, physical therapy help paralyzed man stand, walk with assistance

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
Spinal cord stimulation and physical therapy have helped a man paralyzed since 2013 regain his ability to stand and walk with assistance. The results, achieved in a research collaboration between Mayo Clinic and UCLA, are reported in Nature Medicine.
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Mosquitoes that can carry malaria eliminated in lab experiments

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
Researchers have eliminated caged mosquitoes using 'gene drive' technology to spread a genetic modification that blocks female reproduction.
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Optimizing dopaminergic treatment improves non-motor symptoms

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
Non-motor symptoms are common in late stage Parkinson's disease (PD) as the frequency and severity of most of these symptoms increase with advancing disease. Optimizing dopaminergic treatment in the most severe stages can affect non-motor symptoms and improve quality of life, report scientists in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease.
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Older adults with a 'fall prevention plan' less likely to end up in hospital

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
Older adults at risk for falls are less likely to suffer fall-related hospitalizations when they have a 'fall plan of care,' according to new research featuring faculty at Binghamton University, State University at New York.
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Ready-to-use recipe for turning plant waste into gasoline

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
Bioscience engineers at KU Leuven, Belgium, already knew how to make gasoline in the laboratory from plant waste such as sawdust. Now the researchers have developed a roadmap, as it were, for industrial cellulose gasoline.
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DNA islands effective as 'anti-bacterial drones'

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
Genomic 'islands' that evolved from viruses can be converted into 'drones' that disable Staphylococcus aureus, bacteria that are often resistant to antibiotics, a new study finds.
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Technology and therapy help individuals with chronic spinal cord injuries take steps

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
Of four research participants living with traumatic, motor complete spinal cord injury, two are able to walk over ground with epidural stimulation following epidural stimulation paired with daily locomotor training. In addition, all four participants achieved independent standing and trunk stability when using the stimulation and maintaining their mental focus. The study was conducted at the Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center at the University of Louisville and is published in this week's New England Journal of Medicine.
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Smaller, faster and more efficient modulator sets to revolutionize optoelectronic industry

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
A research team comprising members from City University of Hong Kong (CityU), Harvard University and renowned information technologies laboratory has successfully fabricated a tiny on-chip lithium niobate modulator, an essential component for the optoelectronic industry. The modulator is smaller, more efficient with faster data transmission and costs less than traditional ones. The technology is set to revolutionise the industry.
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Collection of JAMA articles focus on race, medicine and medical research

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
A collection of JAMA articles (an editorial and three Viewpoints) focuses on race, medicine and medical research.
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Mitochondrial diseases could be treated with gene therapy, study suggests

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
Researchers have developed a genome-editing tool for the potential treatment of mitochondrial diseases: serious and often fatal conditions which affect 1 in 5,000 people.
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Burst of morning gene activity tells plants when to flower

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
In a paper published Sept. 24 in the journal Nature Plants, an international team of researchers has discovered that the gene FT -- the primary driver of the transition to flowering in plants each spring -- does something unexpected in Arabidopsis thaliana plants grown in natural environments, with implications for the artificial growing conditions scientists commonly used in the lab.
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Research forecasts US among top nations to suffer economic damage from climate change

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
For the first time, researchers have developed a data set quantifying what the social cost of carbon -- the measure of the economic harm from carbon dioxide emissions -- will be for the globe's nearly 200 countries. Although much previous research has focused on how rich countries benefit from the fossil fuel economy, while damages accrue primarily to the developing world, the top three counties with the most to lose from climate change are the United States, India and Saudi Arabia -- three major world powers.
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Mental distress associated with nonconforming gender expression among high school students

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
Mental distress was associated with gender nonconformity among female and male high school students.
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How common are traumatic brain injuries in children?

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
An estimated 2.5 percent of US children have experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI) during their lifetime based on reports from parents in an analysis of national survey data.
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Why it doesn't get dark when you blink

Eurekalert - 22 hours 45 min ago
Understanding how perception and memory interact.
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