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Space-related start-up technology companies create synergistic innovation

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
Researchers have developed innovative business models underlying the successful launch of space-related start-up technology companies in Costa Rica.
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Checklist helps assess early feeding skills in premature infants

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
Infants born prematurely face challenges in developing the complex, interrelated skills needed for effective feeding. An assessment called the Early Feeding Skills (EFS) checklist is a valid and reliable tool for evaluating the emergence of feeding skills in preterm infants, reports a study in Advances in Neonatal Care, official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.
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Three NASA missions return 1st-light data

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
NASA's continued quest to explore our solar system and beyond received a boost of new information this week with three key missions proving not only that they are up and running, but that their science potential is exceptional.
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MSU-Spectrum Health researchers identify new genetic disorder

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
Researchers from Michigan State University College of Human Medicine and physicians from Spectrum Health have identified for the first time in a human patient a genetic disorder only previously described in animal models.
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New study estimates the caregiving costs for families

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
In a new study, researchers focused on one of the most common caregiving arrangements: daughters between the ages of 40 and 70 who were likely to need to provide informal care to their mothers at some point in the near future. Participants were identified using the Health and Retirement Study, a survey conducted by the University of Michigan since 1992. Findings from this new analysis were published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
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Eight of 10 people with cancer risk genes don't know it

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
Genomic screening of more than 50,000 people shows that more than 80 percent of those who carry an identifiable genetic risk for breast, ovarian, prostate, and pancreatic cancer don't know it despite frequent interaction with the healthcare system.
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DNA vaccine leads to immune responses in HPV-related head and neck cancer

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
A therapeutic vaccine can boost antibodies and T cells, helping them infiltrate tumors and fight off human papillomavirus (HPV)-related head and neck cancer. Researchers from the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania tested the immunotherapy approach in two groups of patients with advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCCa) and found 86 percent showed elevated T cell activity.
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Patient-centered visual aid helps physicians discuss risks, treatments with parents

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
A series of illustrations and charts designed as decision aids for parents of children with minor head injuries helped them communicate with emergency medicine physicians and make informed decisions about their child's care.
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Helping parents decide on care for children with minor head trauma

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
More than 450,000 children visit emergency departments every year because of head trauma and many will undergo head computed tomography (CT) imaging, although few scans will show evidence of traumatic brain injury. Efforts have been made to avoid unnecessary CT imaging in children and to reduce radiation exposure. An information tool to help parents decide about care for their children with minor head trauma didn't reduce the rate of CT imaging in emergency departments in this randomized clinical trial.
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Is survival associated with time to defibrillation for in-hospital cardiac arrest in pediatric patients?

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
The time until a first attempt at defibrillation in pediatric patients who experienced cardiac arrest in the hospital wasn't associated with survival or other main outcomes. This is in contrast to children who have a cardiac arrest outside of the hospital setting, or adult patients in or out of the hospital, where worse outcomes are associated with defibrillation delayed more than two minutes.
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Proof-of-concept HIV immunotherapy study passes Phase 1 safety trial

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
Preliminary results from a phase I clinical trial have demonstrated the safety and tolerability of a cell therapy involving the ex vivo expansion of T cells and their subsequent infusion into HIV-infected individuals previously treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART). The study appears Sept. 21 in the journal Molecular Therapy.
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Study: Emissions from most diesel cars in Europe greatly exceed laboratory testing levels

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
A new MIT study reports that Volkswagen is not the only auto manufacturer to make diesel cars that produce vastly more emissions on the road than in laboratory tests. The study, published this month in Atmospheric Environment, finds that in Europe, 10 major auto manufacturers produced diesel cars, sold between 2000 and 2015, that generate up to 16 times more emissions on the road than in regulatory tests.
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Brown researchers teach computers to see optical illusions

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
By making a neural-network computer model that can be fooled by optical illusions like humans, the researchers advanced knowledge of the human visual system and may help improve artificial vision.
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The link between cognitive function and sexuality in older adults

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
Researchers learn more about the relationship between sexual behavior, function, and cognition (people's ability to think and make decisions).
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Light pollution makes fish more courageous

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
Artificial light at night also makes guppies more courageous during the day, according to a behavioural study led by researchers from the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB) and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development.
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Philly refinery fails to include public input in cleanup efforts

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
New research uncovers Sunoco's decade-long effort to cleanup legacy contamination at the East Coast's oldest and largest petroleum refinery site did not include legally required public Involvement. Data indicate Philadelphia Energy Solutions, current owner of the refinery, may be poised for another bankruptcy by 2022, opening industrial redevelopment opportunities. This report recommends steps to correct Sunoco's oversight, as well as the need to explore cleanup standards more stringent than those appropriate for ongoing refinery operations.
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BU researchers define possible molecular pathway for neurodegeneration in prion diseases

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
A new study has shed light on the mechanisms underlying the progression of prion diseases and identified a potential target for treatment.
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Tobacco display ban linked to fewer children buying cigarettes in shops

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
Removing displays of tobacco products from shops may have reduced the proportion of children buying cigarettes by 17 percent, according to new research from Imperial College London.
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Scientists discovered 20 new gnat species in Brazil

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
In cooperation of scientists from Estonia, Finland and Brazil 20 new species of gnat were found in Brazilian Atlantic Forest.
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The first predators and their self-repairing teeth

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
The earliest predators appeared on Earth 480 million years ago -- and they even had teeth which were capable of repairing themselves. A team of palaeontologists led by Bryan Shirley and Madleen Grohganz from the Chair for Palaeoenviromental Research at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have been able to discover more about how these organisms were able to grow and regenerate their teeth.
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