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Computer model predicts how fracturing metallic glass releases energy at the atomic level

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
Metallic glasses are an exciting research target, but the difficulties associated with predicting how much energy these materials release when they fracture is slowing down development of metallic glass-based products. Recently, researchers developed a way of simulating to the atomic level how metallic glasses behave as they fracture. This modeling technique could improve computer-aided materials design and help researchers determine the properties of metallic glasses. They report their findings in the Journal of Applied Physics.
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Mayo Clinic researchers uncover methods to quantify the yips and golfer's cramp

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
Almost every golfer knows the feeling. Minutes after a picture-perfect drive down the fairway, a cascade of inexplicable missed putts leads to a disappointing triple bogey.
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Future electronic components to be printed like newspapers

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
A new manufacturing technique uses a process similar to newspaper printing to form smoother and more flexible metals for making ultrafast electronic devices.
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Researchers move closer to completely optical artificial neural network

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
Researchers have shown that it is possible to train artificial neural networks directly on an optical chip.
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The influence of plant photosynthetic indices on the effectiveness of PRI use

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
In the framework of the actively developing practice of "precision farming", Lobachevsky University researchers are working to develop and introduce methods for spatially heterogeneous treatment of plants that minimize costs and improve the ecological quality of the crops, due to the less intensive use of chemical compounds.
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Binge drinking during adolescence impairs working memory, finds mouse study

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
Using a mouse model to simulate binge drinking, researchers at Columbia University showed that heavy alcohol use during adolescence damages neurons in the part of the brain involved in working memory.
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Monkeys benefit from the nut-cracking abilities of chimpanzees and hogs

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
Researchers of the University of Amsterdam and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology describe for the first time the scavenging behaviour of mangabey monkeys, guinea fowls, and squirrels on energy-rich nut remnants cracked by chimpanzees and red river hogs. The team used data collected by camera traps in the rain forest of Tai National Park in Ivory Coast. The results reveal new unknown interactions between different species and increase our understanding of the complex community of animals foraging around tropical nut trees.
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High fruit and vegetable consumption may reduce risk of breast cancer

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
Women who eat a high amount of fruits and vegetables each day may have a lower risk of breast cancer, especially of aggressive tumors, than those who eat fewer fruits and vegetables, according to a new study led by researchers from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
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Deadly Rift Valley fever: New insight, and hope for the future

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
Health control measures alone could be ineffective in the long term fight against the deadly Rift Valley fever which affects both humans and animals, a new study in the journal PNAS reports.
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Researchers are one step closer to developing eye drops to treat common sight loss condition

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
Scientists at the University of Birmingham are one step closer to developing an eye drop that could revolutionise treatment for age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
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Most common shoulder operation is no more beneficial than placebo surgery

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
In a landmark study published this week in the BMJ, Finnish researchers show that one of the most common surgical procedures in the Western world is probably unnecessary. Keyhole surgeries of the shoulder are useless for patients with 'shoulder impingement', the most common diagnosis in patients with shoulder pain.
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New training platform for big data analysis

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
The Galaxy Europe project has set up an infrastructure offering online tutorials for researchers in the life sciences.
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China's 'livestock revolution' demands 'new transition'

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
Demand for animal protein and increasing wealth fuelled a tripling in the domestic production of livestock in China between 1980 and 2010, and the rise, despite some improvements in efficiencies at the farm level, had significant impacts on environmental sustainability, nationally and globally. The country's scientists are now aiming to redress the balance.
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A social tool for evaluating the environmental impact of residential buildings

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
for the first time, an open-source computing tool can, simply and intuitively, calculate the CO2 emissions in each phase of a building project, in order to obtain a global picture of its carbon footprint from its conception and to help decide every variable in the construction process.
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Aggressive immune cells aggravate Parkinson's disease

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
Parkinson's disease, formerly also referred to as shaking palsy, is one of the most frequent disorders affecting movement and the nervous system. Medical researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have come across a possible cause of the disease - in the patients' immune system.
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Low-cost formulas in the manufacturing of non-stick food molds

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
A University of Córdoba research group designs a new way to manufacture molds allowing small and medium-sized businesses to improve their creativity.
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Infrared sensor as new method for drug discovery

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
Using an infrared sensor, biophysicists at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have succeeded in analysing quickly and easily which active agents affect the structure of proteins and how long that effect lasts. Thus, Prof Dr Klaus Gerwert and Dr Jörn Güldenhaupt performed time-resolved measurements of the changes to the structure of protein scaffolds, which were triggered by the active agents. Their methods might help develop drugs with little side effects in a quick and targeted manner.
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Scientists reveal the links between deep carbon cycle and geodynamics of big mantle wedge

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
The formation age of the big mantle wedge beneath eastern Asia and the lithospheric thinning mechanism of the North China craton are two key scientific issues. Based on new findings of deep carbon cycle, a recent study suggests that the big mantle wedge beneath eastern Asia was formed 125 Ma, and interaction between the CO2-rich silicate melt produced in the big mantle wedge and lithospheric mantle results in lithospheric thinning of the North China craton.
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Robots working as a group are able to determine the optimal order of their tasks

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
Could robots soon help rescue crews save the survivors of a natural disaster? Such a mission would require that the robots be able to determine, on their own, which tasks to perform and in what order to perform them. Researchers at ULB's IRIDIA laboratory have shown, for the first time, that this ability can emerge from a group of robots.
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Building blocks of life

Eurekalert - Jul 19 2018 - 00:07
A collaborative research team based in Japan has designed new proteins that can self-assemble into the complex structures underlying biological organisms, laying the groundwork for leading-edge applications in biotechnology. The researchers created and developed the proteins with a specific function and their method reveals a possibility that certain protein functions can be created on demand. It is expected to contribute to the development of nanobiomaterials, which could be used as a drug delivery system or an artificial vaccine.
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