Science 2.0

Subscribe to Science 2.0 feed
Science 2.0® - Science for the next 2,000 years, Non-profit, non-partisan, independent.
Updated: 10 min 5 sec ago

Social Psychologists Don't Trust Evolutionary Psychologists - And Scientists Don't Trust Either

Nov 30 2018 - 11:11
Do you want to believe that your car grill is determined by your personality or that lap dancers get better tips when they are ovulating? You probably like evolutionary psychology. Want to believe that surveys of psychology undergraduates at elite schools represent humanity, without the expense and risk of dealing with real people, who can be pretty sketchy? Social psychology is for you.(1)

Scientists don't think much of either and would prefer they stay in the humanities buildings, because evolutionary psychologists want to make everything about sex, while social psychologists claim there are no differences between sexes. 

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Fruit Flies Have The Cognitive Ability To Learn Sexual Preferences - And Perhaps Transmit Them Culturally

Nov 30 2018 - 03:11
Do Drosophila, commonly called fruit flies, have culture?

Culture, lasting changes in a group that cannot be ascribed to genetic or ecological variation, is obviously a human quality, and it may be found in other vertebrates like some other primates and birds. A new computer simulation says it may be in fruit flies also.

Fruit flies can learn and copy the sexual preferences of their conspecifics after observing them copulating. For a behavioral pattern to be deemed culturally transmitted, there are considered:

1) the behavior must be learned socially, which is to say by observing conspecifics,
2) be copied from older individuals,
3) be memorized over the long term,

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

What Happens When Millennials Run The Workplace? Mic Now Knows The Answer

Nov 29 2018 - 17:11
Want to know how to create a $1 million company? Give $60 million to someone claiming they are going to revolutionize journalism by hiring a bunch of young, edgy people who don't care about business or making money, but who believe success happens by being popular on Facebook.

You know who is the only company with long-term success being popular on Facebook? Facebook. For everyone else, it is a terrible business model. "Field of Dreams" was just a movie, folks, wishful thinking and building something no one wanted is not why Reaganomics worked. 

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Women Only Earn 49% Of What Men Do, If You Use The Right Helping Verb

Nov 29 2018 - 16:11
Women May Earn Just 49 Cents on the Dollar, is the title of an article by Annie Lowrey in The Atlantic.

It's only below the fold that, after laying out lots of links and obfuscation and conflicting claims designed to make the audience believe the situation is oh so complicated that we get this quiet disclaimer:

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Fast Radio Bursts: Solving One Of The Universe's Mysteries

Nov 29 2018 - 08:11

One of the most baffling puzzles of modern astrophysics is the nature of Fast Radio Bursts, which were discovered in 2007. These are seemingly rare, extremely bright flashes of light with radio wavelengths. They last only milliseconds; originate outside our galaxy, the Milky Way; come from regions with enormously strong magnetic fields; and pass through a significant amount of gas or dust before reaching Earth.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Wiley Debunks Fake News Censorship Claims

Nov 29 2018 - 03:11
John Wiley&Sons Inc., the global academic publishing house with nearly $2 billion in revenue, recently got embroiled in a Twitter controversy about the efforts of one publication to go open access.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Jennifer Doudna, Co-Inventor Of CRISPR, Tells People To Calm Down About Gene Edited Babies

Nov 28 2018 - 14:11
Though vitriol and outrage are common in western culture in 2018, when it comes to claims that a researcher in China used CRISPR technology to edit a human embryo, bloggers, journalists and scientists on social media have taken it to another level.

Without even reading the paper. Because there isn't one. Nor is there any data.

It's just some guy claiming he did it, not once but twice. And based on that people are going on tirades about how it violates ethics - well, their subjective notion of ethics, none of which have anything to do with the culture of China. 

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Educated Women Trust Dr. Google, A Lot

Nov 28 2018 - 13:11
A new paper in Health, Risk&Society reports that women concerned about breast cancer often go to "Dr. Google" first but how much they trust it varies - more educated women, for example, trust it more, while less educated women would rather see a doctor.

This was a tiny survey, 27 women between 47 and 67 years of age, so the results are scientifically meaningless, but it is at least interesting that they found different levels of engagement with the internet for health information and those were driven by a range of attitudes and levels of trust. Women with little or no educational qualifications trusted  "Dr. Google" less, and the Internet in general, believing it could lead to misdiagnosis or to unnecessary worry about what their symptoms might mean.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

With CRISPR, Let's Not Make The Cultural Mistakes Of Stem Cells All Over Again

Nov 28 2018 - 12:11
When Dr. He Jiankui announced that he had used CRISPR to prevent future HIV infection in twin girls, there was outrage across the United States, but most of it had nothing to do with science. It was instead concern that a mad scientist with suspect ethics had used a new technology to edit human embryos, and if that remains unchecked Frankenhumans could be born. 

It may be 2018 but it feels like 2001 all over again. 

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

More Brown Fat May Be A Solution For The Obesity Crisis

Nov 28 2018 - 08:11

Obesity is a disease where people accumulate more and more fat. When they reach a certain point, their fat stops working and they develop disease, such as type 2 diabetes. But not all fat is bad. The fat that accumulates in obesity is called white fat, but a second form of fat (brown fat) could actually be used to treat obesity.

Brown fat has evolved to turn fuel into heat. In small animals, like mice and voles, brown fat makes heat that helps them survive, even in freezing temperatures.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Oxygen-Producing Photosynthesis Could Have Been Happening A Billion Years Earlier

Nov 27 2018 - 18:11
Oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere is necessary for complex forms of life, which use it during aerobic respiration to make energy. The levels of oxygen dramatically rose in the atmosphere around 2.4 billion years ago, and speculation is that is when organisms called cyanobacteria, which perform the same type of organic photosynthesis that all plants do today, first evolved, and  could perform oxygen-producing (oxygenic) photosynthesis.

Perhaps cyanobacteria could have evolved before 2.4 billion years ago but something prevented oxygen from accumulating in the air.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Rogue Science? The Case Of The First Gene-Edited Babies

Nov 27 2018 - 17:11

The idea of scientists tinkering with the genes of babies was once the provenance of science fiction, but now it’s apparently entered the realm of reality: On Nov. 26, Chinese scientist He Jiankui reported the historic live births of twin girls whose genes he had edited. The goal may have been noble: to use CRISPR to alter their genes to include a variant protective against transmission of HIV.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

How Anti-Science Activists Manipulate Twitter - And How You Can Help Science Fight Back

Nov 27 2018 - 16:11
There is a reason that environmental groups and other anti-science activists out-earn the pro-science non-profit world by 1000X, and that reason is emotion.

See a scientist be emotional or aggressive in defending their work and any number of people, including other scientists, will chide them and say that is not how scientists are supposed to act. Meanwhile, the trial lawyers who run environmental groups know that they have set the bar for how they are supposed to act differently; they are supposed to be passionate. It's expected.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Polio Vaccine - Soon With No Refrigeration Needed

Nov 27 2018 - 13:11
A polio vaccine that doesn't require refrigeration could be used all over the world, and that would bring an end to the devastating disease.

With just 22 reported cases worldwide in 2017, the highly infectious disease, which causes lifelong paralysis and disability mostly in young children, is on the brink of complete eradication. Yet in Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Syria and Pakistan, countries where vaccination rates are spotty, young children remain at risk.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Carboxylase Plus Gene Editing Leads To Unusual Antibiotic

Nov 26 2018 - 18:11
A biosynthetic pathway in bacteria includes a a carboxylase enzyme which adds CO2 to a precursor molecule, producing a highly unusual antibiotic called malonomycin.

Unchecked antibiotic resistance could result in an estimated 10 million deaths every year by 2050, while guesses on cost to the global economy go as high as $70 trillion in lost productivity. 

The researchers found that CO2 was introduced into the malonomycin structure, by a carboxylase enzyme that has never been characterized in bacteria before. Malonomycin carboxylase is most similar to a carboxylase enzyme in human cells which uses vitamin K to add CO2 to proteins in our bodies, triggering essential physiological responses including blood coagulation.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Like Biodiversity? Thank Sexual Harassment

Nov 26 2018 - 13:11
What factors sustain the diversity of life on our planet? You might be surprised to learn one answer is sexual harassment. 

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Opening The Refrigerator Door Is Not Making Your Milk Spoil Quicker

Nov 26 2018 - 12:11
Two weeks after people were sickened by E. coli on romaine lettuce, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control told the entire country to throw theirs out, which alarmed people for little reason and cost farmers hundreds of millions of dollars. People shouldn't have been alarmed because most people would have thrown it out anyway. Up to 94 percent of people throw out lots.

And that's not as alarming as media reports are making it sound. We are constantly told to eat less "processed" food and more of the fresh kind, which aside from statistical correlation has never been shown to be valid health advice, and fruits and vegetables that are not "processed" by being canned or frozen are going to rot. 

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

How To Reduce Gadolinium Heavy Metal Contrast Agent In MRI Using AI

Nov 26 2018 - 10:11
In 2017, action star Chuck Norris and his wife Gena sued 11 companies for $10 million over gadolinium used in her MRIs, stating she was poisoned by the contrast agent.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Watch Insight Lander Live As It Lands On Mars

Nov 26 2018 - 06:11

Coverage begins at 2 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. UTC). Landing starts about 40 minutes later and it is about an hour later, 3.01 p.m. EST that you get confirmation that it landed successfully, just a beep. First image from the surface several minutes later at 3.04 pm EST, but it could be delayed to the next day. See the timeline here NASA Landing on Mars milestones

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Handshake Chain Through History

Nov 24 2018 - 21:11
Years ago I enjoyed the wandering of James Burke in his Connections and Dya the Universe Changed books and documentaries. There seemed to be a chain of people involved with development of the many historical scientific and technological discoveries. This prompted me to is investigate whether there might be connections throughout history between myself and and these figures. This would be somewhat similar to the Kevin Bacon parlor game to identify an actor's connection to Kevin Bacon by a string of their movies. There is also a mathematical genealogical website listing the advisers and students through modern history in mathematics doctoral studies. But what would be considered a connection.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0