Content

TGen-led study shows DNA methylation related to liver disease among obese patients

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
A TGen-led team has identified how DNA methylation is associated with a condition known as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which can lead to liver cirrhosis and death, and is one of the leading indicators for liver transplants. In one of the most exacting studies of its kind, TGen scientists found evidence that DNA methylation has a role in the initiation of NAFLD-related fibrosis, according to a study published in the journal Clinical Epigenetics.
Categories: Content

Physicians who visit patients post-hospitalization give more comprehensive discharge plans

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
(Boston)-- When resident physicians visit the homes of their former hospital patients they are better able to assess patient needs and understand the important role that community services and agencies play in keeping them at home and out of the hospital, according to a new study by Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM).
Categories: Content

Researchers identify characteristics of over the counter skin lightening users

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
(Boston) -- The desire for unblemished, clear skin permeates all cultures and societies, making the practice of skin lightening to minimize spots and even a skin tone quite common worldwide. Internationally, the use of creams to lighten skin is widespread and widely studied. In the U.S. however, information about use of these creams is sparse.
Categories: Content

UCI-led study finds therapy dogs effective in reducing symptoms of ADHD

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
In a first of its kind randomized trial, researchers from the UCI School of Medicine found therapy dogs to be effective in reducing the symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. The study's main outcomes were recently published by the American Psychological Association in the Society of Counseling Psychology's Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin (HAIB). Additional new findings were presented at the International Society for Anthrozoology 2018 Conference held July 2-5 in Sydney, Australia.
Categories: Content

Solar thermal energy will help China cut costs of climate action

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
A new study investigates the best combination of renewables for providing the lowest cost to power system operators in two of China's provinces best suited to scale up renewable energy.
Categories: Content

Cities as study proxies for climate change

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
Cities can serve as useful proxies to study and predict the effects of climate change, according to a North Carolina State University research review that tracks urbanization's effects on plant and insect species.
Categories: Content

Prolonged opioid use before knee or hip replacement surgery increases risk of poor outcomes

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
Patients who take prescription opioids for more than 60 days before total knee or hip replacement surgery are at significantly higher risk of being readmitted to the hospital and of undergoing repeat joint-replacement surgery, compared to patients with no preoperative opioid use, reports a study in the July 18 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio in partnership with Wolters Kluwer.
Categories: Content

Experts address ways to support latest science education standards

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) are K-12 science content standards, with three dimensions that are integrated in instruction at all levels: core ideas, science and engineering practices, and cross-cutting concepts. A new article in the Journal of Research Science in Teaching focuses on how to support enactment of the NGSS in diverse educational systems, including the challenges faced when some of those systems are fragmented and resource-poor.
Categories: Content

In the ocean's twilight zone, tiny organisms may have giant effect on Earth's carbon cycle

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
In a new study that challenges scientists' presuppositions about the carbon cycle, researchers find that tiny organisms may be playing in outside role in the way carbon is circulated throughout the ocean.
Categories: Content

Lake bed reveals details about ancient Earth

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
Sulfate samples from an ancient lake bed yield new clues about the 'Boring Billion' years in Earth history between 'oxygenation events' that allowed life as we know it. A Rice University postdoctoral researcher's tests revealed the oxygen anomaly that gave researchers a glimpse into conditions 1.4 billion years ago.
Categories: Content

NSF-supported researchers to present new results on hurricanes and other extreme events

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
The availability of water from underground aquifers is vital to the basic needs of more than 1.5 billion people worldwide.In recent decades, however, the over-pumping of groundwater, combined with drought, has caused some aquifers to permanently lose their essential storage capacity.
Categories: Content

More category 5 hurricanes forecasted by scientists

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
Researchers at Chapman University have learned from studying 2012's Hurricane Sandy, that we are more likely to see larger, more powerful hurricanes in the future.
Categories: Content

In rats, perinatal exposure to phthalates impairs brain structure and function

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
Rats exposed in the womb and during lactation to plasticizing chemicals known as phthalates had fewer neurons and synapses than those that were not exposed, researchers report in a new study. The phthalate-exposed rats had reductions in the size of their medial prefrontal cortex, a brain region that regulates behavior, and showed deficits in cognitive flexibility. The variety of phthalates and quantities used in the study were environmentally relevant to human exposures, researchers said.
Categories: Content

UM professor studies complexities of biodiversity, disease transmission

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
Biodiversity is disappearing at an alarming rate as infectious diseases increasingly spill over from wildlife to humans. Disease ecologists fervently debate whether biodiversity loss leads to an increased disease risk. Now, a University of Montana researcher has published a new study with some answers.
Categories: Content

Identified RNA molecules that regulate action of male hormone in prostate cancer

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
A study detected in tumoral tissue hundreds of RNAs that do not encode proteins but appear to regulate effects of androgens and androgen receptors on gene expression in tumors. By investigating the connection between the presençe of these molecules and tumor aggressiveness, the research paves the way for new scientific approaches focusing on the transcription process of noncoding RNA.
Categories: Content

Origami-inspired device helps marine biologists study aliens

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
Scientists have tried to find the safest and most effective ways to explore marine life in the oceanic water, the largest and least explored environment on Earth, for years. Each time, they were faced with the same challenge: How to capture delicate or gelatinous pelagic animals -- like jellyfish, squid, and octopuses -- without harming them? An origami-inspired device may change that.
Categories: Content

Metal too 'gummy' to cut? Draw on it with a Sharpie or glue stick, science says

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
Your everyday permanent markers, glue sticks and packing tape may offer a surprisingly low-tech solution to a long-standing nuisance in the manufacturing industry: Making soft and ductile, or so-called 'gummy' metals easier to cut.
Categories: Content

Glowing bacteria on deep-sea fish shed light on evolution, 'third type' of symbiosis

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
For the first time, scientists have sequenced and analyzed the genomes of bacteria that live in anglerfish bulbs. The bacteria were taken from fish specimens collected in the Gulf of Mexico.
Categories: Content

Warming rivers make marked contribution to global greenhouse gas levels

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
Warming streams and rivers could be disproportionately contributing to the amount of planet-warming greenhouse gases, according to a new study.
Categories: Content

Barley heads east

Eurekalert - Jul 18 2018 - 00:07
New study identifies human choice and environmental adaptation as crucial factors for the spread of food staple in prehistory.
Categories: Content