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Fish-rich diets may boost babies' brain development

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Women could enhance the development of their unborn child's eyesight and brain function by regularly eating fatty fish during pregnancy. This is the suggestion from a small-scale study led by Kirsi Laitinen of the University of Turku and Turku University Hospital in Finland, in the Springer Nature-branded journal Pediatric Research. The research supports previous findings that show how important a prospective mother's diet and lifestyle choices are for the development of her baby.
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Fatty acids can slow down an overheated immune system

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
The STING protein is normally an important part of our immune system, but in some autoimmune diseases it is itself the source of the disease. The pharmaceutical industry is therefore engaged in a race to find a drug that can inhibit STING. Now, researchers from Aarhus may have found it.
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Study: Immediate compression could help prevent complications after deep-vein thrombosis

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
People with deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) can substantially cut their risk of potentially debilitating complications by starting adequate compression therapy in the first 24 hours of DVT therapy (known as the acute phase of treatment), suggests a study published today in the journal Blood.
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Quick and not-so-dirty: A rapid nano-filter for clean water

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Researchers harness naturally occurring nano-structures that grow on liquid metals to develop an ultra-fast water filter.
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Two fishes a day keep the mantid coming back to prey: The first fishing praying mantis

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
For the first time, a praying mantis is recorded to fish. For five days in a row, an adult male was observed hunting and devouring a total of nine guppies from a pond located in a private roof garden in Karnataka, India. Apart from demonstrating such repetitive behaviour, the event is remarkable in the fact that it occurred naturally, without external interference. The phenomenon is described in the open access Journal of Orthoptera Research.
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Talking with the doctor makes it easier to deal with grief and bereavement

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
In a comprehensive study, researchers from Aarhus University show that grieving patients who receive what is known as talk therapy at the general practitioner shortly after a relative's death, have a lower risk of suicide and psychiatric illness than others. Data from 207,000 million Danes is included in the register-based study, which can contribute to new practices in the preventative area.
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EU Fisheries failures jeopardise sustainability of small fishing communities

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Traditional artisanal fishing has been harmed by EU fishing policies that favour big businesses and ignores other more sustainable approaches to conserving fish stocks, according to new research from the University of Kent. This is the main finding of research by Dr Alicia Said, Professor Douglas MacMillan, and Dr Joseph Tzanopoulos of the School of Anthropology and Conservation (SAC) published in the world-leading open-access journal Frontiers in Marine Sciences.
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Scientists reveal the hidden costs of cobalt mining in DR Congo

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Cobalt mining comes at a great cost to public health in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. New research reveals that children are particularly vulnerable: their urine and blood samples contain high concentrations of cobalt and other metals.
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Basking sharks can jump as high and as fast as great whites

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
These gentle giants, which can grow up to 10 m in length, have been recorded jumping out of the water as high and as fast as great white sharks. Marine biologists are unsure why they do this, but have pointed to this phenomenon as evidence of how much we still have to learn about marine life.
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Simpler and safer method for handling a useful but foul-smelling gas in chemical synthesis

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Researchers at the Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO) and Department of Chemistry, Aarhus University, have developed both an ingenious, as well as a safe procedure for using the 'rotten egg' smelling and flammable gas, methanethiol, in certain chemical reactions.
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Drop in EU/EEA measles cases between March and July 2018

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
During the month of July, a total of 758 cases of measles were reported across seventeen countries in the EU/EEA, which is a decrease from the 1054 cases reported during the month of June.
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New test procedure accelerates the diagnosis of multi-resistant hospital pathogens

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
A research team from the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Cologne and the German Centre for Infection Research has achieved a breakthrough: The diagnosis of multi-resistant hospital pathogens is now possible in 45 minutes instead of 72 hours. Further research is necessary before the procedure is ready for clinical application.
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Climate change modifies the composition of reefs

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Corals devastated by climate change are being replaced naturally by other species such as gorgonians, which are less efficient in acting as a carbon sink. A study by the ICTA-UAB analyzes for the first time why gorgonians are more resistant than corals to human impacts and global climate change.
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Pairing zebrafish by personality improves fitness of the species

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Scientists have challenged the theory of 'love at first sight' after discovering that they can boost the reproductive success of zebrafish by pairing them by personality, rather than appearance.
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Analysis of sea squirt embryo reveals key molecules in dopaminergic neuron differentiation

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Researchers at University of Tsukuba used a novel approach for analyzing the central nervous system of a proto-vertebrate to identify a regulatory cocktail that induces the creation of dopaminergic neurons/coronet cells, a primitive version of the hypothalamus. The findings shed more light on how neurons differentiate into particular subtypes, with potential implications for the treatment of conditions such as Parkinson's disease.
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Surprise finding uncovers balancing act between birth defects and cancer

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers have made a surprise discovery about how subtle changes in the way cell survival is regulated during embryonic development can have drastic health implications.
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Scientists quantify the vast and valuable finds stored on museum shelves

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Days after a fire tore through Brazil's National Museum and destroyed specimens of irreplaceable heritage, a team of scientists has quantified the vast number of fossils that sit unstudied in natural history collections. Researchers from the California Academy of Sciences, University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP), and partner institutions are working to preserve these "dark data" in online databases, highlighting the need for underfunded museums around the world to invest in the digital preservation of their collections.
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Study at Johns Hopkins hospital leads to changes in reporting patient safety concerns

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
In a case study published online last week in Academic Medicine, an international team of researchers led by the University of Cambridge and Johns Hopkins Medicine looked at what prevented employees from raising concerns.
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Smartphone, M.D.

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
In a potential game changer for the health care industry, a new cell phone app and lab kit now allow a smartphone to identify bacteria from patients anywhere in the world. With the new app, doctors will be able to diagnose diseases and prescribe the appropriate antibiotic within a one-hour office visit, meaning faster recovery -- and lower treatment costs -- for patients.
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Researchers look to immune cell shapes to predict how well body will fight lung cancers

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have discovered how to quickly and accurately predict which lung cancer patients will benefit from chemotherapy by analyzing the arrangement--not the number-- of cells the body sends out to fight the disease.
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