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Breast milk may be best for premature babies' brain development

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
Babies born before their due date show better brain development when fed breast milk rather than formula, a study from the University of Edinburgh has found.
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Insulin shows great potential against chronic colitis

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
Diabetes is not the only disease on which insulin has an effect, it appears. In a new study that involved tests on mice researchers from the University of Copenhagen, among others, have discovered a new method for treating chronic colitis with regular insulin. The researchers have set up a company with a view to testing the treatment and hopefully making it available to patients.
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Combining multiple CCTV images could help catch suspects

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
Combining multiple poor quality CCTV images into a single, computer-enhanced composite could improve the accuracy of facial recognition systems used to identify criminal suspects, new research suggests.
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New research reveals a mitochondrial gene that protects against Alzheimer's disease

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
New research from USC has uncovered a previously unknown genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. The study provides insights on how these conditions, and other diseases of aging, might one day be treated and prevented.
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Deep neural networks help to identify the neutrinoless double beta decay signal

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
A recent study reveals that deep convolutional neural networks can significantly improve the efficiency of discrimination between neutrinoless double beta decay signals and backgrounds, thus the detection efficiency could be improved accordingly. The results are reported in latest issue of SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy.
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Pre-clinical success for a universal flu vaccine offers hope for third generation approach

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
Researchers from the University of Oxford's Department of Zoology have demonstrated pre-clinical success for a universal flu vaccine in a new paper published in Nature Communications.
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It's not just for kids -- even adults appear to benefit from a regular bedtime

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
In a study of 1,978 older adults publishing Sept. 21, 2018, in the journal Scientific Reports, researchers at Duke Health and the Duke Clinical Research Institute found people with irregular sleep patterns weighed more, had higher blood sugar, higher blood pressure, and a higher projected risk of having a heart attack or stroke within 10 years than those who slept and woke at the same times every day.
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Outbreak of preventable eye infection in contact lens wearers

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
A new outbreak of a rare but preventable eye infection that can cause blindness, has been identified in contact lens wearers in a new study led by UCL and Moorfields Eye Hospital researchers.The research team found a threefold increase in Acanthamoeba keratitis since 2011 in South-East England.
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Advancing life sciences research with the internet of things

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
The internet of things (IoT) is allowing scientists to optimize laboratory operations and combine instruments to measure and respond to complex experimental conditions. As a result, IoT is enabling more detailed and more complex experimental designs.
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Cooking with wood or coal is linked to increased risk of respiratory illness and death

Eurekalert - Sep 21 2018 - 00:09
Burning wood or coal to cook food is associated with increased risk of hospitalization or dying from respiratory diseases, according to new research conducted in China and published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
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Boosting emotional intelligence in physicians can protect against burnout

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
A Loyola Medicine study demonstrates that an educational curriculum for resident physicians improves their emotional intelligence, which may help protect against burnout. Physician burnout has reached alarming levels, with one study finding it affects at least half of all doctors.
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SFU study busts myth about facial hair on pilots

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
A study conducted in Simon Fraser University's hypobaric chamber has sealed Air Canada's decision to allow pilots to sport facial hair.
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Extra Arctic observations can improve predictability of tropical cyclones

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Japanese scientists and their international partners have found that additional weather observations in the Arctic can help predict the track and intensity of tropical and mid-latitude cyclones more accurately, improving weather forecasting of extreme weather events.
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Spray coated tactile sensor on a 3D surface for robotic skin

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
A KAIST research team has reported a stretchable pressure insensitive strain sensor by using an all solution-based process. The solution-based process is easily scalable to accommodate for large areas and can be coated as a thin-film on 3-dimensional irregularly shaped objects via spray coating.
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Kiwi teenagers less fit than a generation ago, Otago research reveals

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
New Zealand teenagers are less fit and weigh more than their parents were at the same age, new University of Otago research reveals.
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Black women more likely to skip crucial breast cancer treatments

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
A new study in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute finds that black women are more likely to skip hormone therapy treatments, also known as endocrine therapy, for breast cancer.
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The extirpation of species outside protected areas

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Land-based bird populations are becoming confined to nature reserves in some parts of the world -- raising the risk of global extinction -- due to the loss of suitable habitat, according to a report led by UCL. Researchers analyzed biodiversity in the peninsula of Thailand, Borneo, Malaysia, Sumatra, Java and Bali, one of the world's most biologically degraded regions. They found that up to 25 percent of heavy-bodied ground-feeding birds have been made locally extinct in the region.
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The BMJ questions transparency of information surrounding safety of Pandemrix vaccine

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
An investigation published by The BMJ today raises fundamental questions about the transparency of information surrounding the safety of GlaxoSmithKline's Pandemrix vaccine used in 2009-2010.
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Most nations falling short of UN targets to cut premature deaths from chronic diseases

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
People in the UK, US and China have a higher risk of dying early from conditions like cancer, heart disease and stroke than people in Italy, France, South Korea and Australia.
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More than half of countries are not on track to meet global targets for chronic diseases

Eurekalert - Sep 20 2018 - 00:09
Peer-reviewed / Modelling and review.Cancers, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes were responsible for 12.5 million deaths among people aged 30-70 years worldwide in 2016.Warning as more than half of all countries are not on track to achieve a UN target to reduce by a third the rate of premature deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by 2030.
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