"The interests of ordinary people, their wishes and needs must always be a prime consideration in our research work," says Fraunhofer President Professor Hans-Jörg Bullinger, explaining the approach taken by the research organization. "We have identified six research areas in which we believe that future technologies and products will be of the greatest benefit to mankind. People need health, an intact environment, security, communication, energy and mobility. These are the areas on which we will focus our research capacities in the years to come."
1. Krox20 Nab2 Interactions in Myelination
Anne Desmazières, Laurence Decker, Jean-Michel Vallat, Patrick Charnay, and Pascale Gilardi-Hebenstreit
You may not be what you eat after all.
A new study shows that increased eating does not necessarily lead to increased fat. The finding in the much-studied roundworm opens the possibility of identifying new targets for drugs to control weight, the researchers say.
(Great Neck, NY June 3, 2008) -- New findings from research supported by NARSAD, the world's leading charity dedicated to mental health research, and conducted by Harvard-affiliated scientists are providing important clues into how genes work to impair various aspects of attention, memory and perception -- the behaviors associated with many psychiatric illnesses, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression.
Uganda has the highest rate of post-traumatic stress and depression ever recorded, following extremely high of civilian exposure to violence and poor healthcare, a study published in BMC Psychiatry says today.
The study, conducted by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and Gulu University has found that 54% of those interviewed met symptom-criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder, while 67% showed signs of depression.
Two surgeons are calling on the international health community to recognize that surgical conditions account for a huge burden of disease in the developing world, and that the human right to health must include access to essential surgical care.
Writing in this week's PLoS Medicine, Doruk Ozgediz (University of California San Francisco, USA) and Robert Riviello (Harvard University, Boston, USA), say that surgical conditions account for 11% of the total global burden of disease, and they disproportionately affect the world's rural poor in low income countries.
Aging leads to large changes in gene activity in the ovaries of mice, but only limited changes in testes, according to research published in the open-access journal, BMC Biology. A lifespan-extending calorie-restricted diet reversed some of the aging effects but, unlike the widespread changes observed in somatic organs, it had an impact only in a small number of gonad-specific genes.
EDITOR'S PICK: Molecular changes in brain fluid give insight into brain-damaging disease