Science 2.0

Hemophilia May Be More Common Than Believed

Science 2.0 - Sep 10 2019 - 13:09
Hemophilia, a rare inherited bleeding disorder in which blood doesn't clot normally - meaning any cut can be deadly - is a lot less rare than previously estimated. 

A new paper states that as many as 1,125,000 men around the world have it, 418,000 with a severe version of the mostly undiagnosed disease, which is 3X greater than the 400,000 people previously estimated.

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Does Shaming Get A Bad Rap?

Science 2.0 - Sep 10 2019 - 11:09
Fat shaming, slut shaming, you name it and someone is complaining that other people are being judge-y about we choose to live our lives. On Twitter the only things it is okay to shame in 2019 are Republicans, scientists, and vapers.

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Male Honeybees Inject Toxins During Sex That Cause Temporary Blindness

Science 2.0 - Sep 10 2019 - 11:09
Though bees can live for years, their mating period is brief so male honeybees use a bee version of Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol - colloquially roofies) to improve their chances of being the successful dad. They inject vision-imparing toxins during sex that cause temporary blindness in females and keep them from flying off to other males.

The toxins identified in a new study are proteins contained in male bees' seminal fluid which helps maintain sperm. All honeybees make these proteins, though some may make more of it than others, and honeybee seminal fluid toxins can not only kill the sperm of rivals, it can cause temporary blindness, it turns out.

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Greater Adria - Ancient Continent That Collided With Europe And Was Destroyed Gets A Timeline

Science 2.0 - Sep 10 2019 - 09:09
Call it Atlantis if you want. but geologists have reconstructed the quarter-of-a-billion-year-long history of a long-submerged landmass. It just isn't beneath an ocean, it is below southern Europe.

The tectonic history of the landmass known as Greater Adria has been under study for a while but the new study is the first systematic time-lapse reconstruction.

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JUUL Hammered By FDA For Past Marketing Tactics

Science 2.0 - Sep 09 2019 - 17:09
Four years ago, I can't recall having heard of JUUL despite ending smoking, which means supporting smoking cessation and harm reduction tools like vaping, being a cornerstone of my science and health mandate.

Then suddenly they were everywhere. A vaping culture that had no market leader, and certainly did not appeal to young people - as if Blu using Jenny McCarthy was appealing to anyone except old former smokers - had a clear favorite almost overnight.

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At Puberty, Brain Networks Related To Mood Problems Develop Differently In Males And Females

Science 2.0 - Sep 09 2019 - 16:09
During puberty, male and female brains clearly become more distinct, with boys showing an increase in connectivity in certain brain areas previously identified as conferring risk for mood problems in adolescents, and girls showing a decrease in connectivity as puberty progresses. 

The researchers analyzed brain scans of 147 girls and 157 boys, aged between 13 and 15, from centers in Dublin, London, Dresden, Mannheim, and Paris.They were at varying puberty stages, from having not started their puberty to being fully mature. The researchers took images of the brain activity while the adolescent volunteers were lying still in an MRI scanner. 

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In The '60s, GM Gave Astronauts Corvettes For $1 a Year - Now One 'Astrovette' Is In The Historic Register

Science 2.0 - Sep 09 2019 - 16:09
How cool were astronauts? If you were born in the 1960s or earlier, just about as cool as you could get.

They were fighter pilots, they were smart, they had The Right Stuff, and if you were an automobile company that wanted to market a car named after a warship, it made sense to get astronauts in your cars.

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Endocrine Disruptor Hype: 'Vaping May Harm Fertility In Young Women' Says Press Release, But The Study Was In Mice

Science 2.0 - Sep 09 2019 - 13:09
If we want to understand why one political group denies vaccines and another that pollution is bad, we need look no farther than press releases touting mouse studies or statistical correlation as having human relevance, when they are only exploratory.

Everyone sees this stuff gets promoted in mainstream media, they know it is fake, and it becomes impossible for people to trust anything. Even their own political side or field. People assume everyone is hyping results for attention if even their own side is.

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A Concert In Crete

Science 2.0 - Sep 09 2019 - 09:09
On August 20, in occasion of the "5th International Workshop on Nucleon Structure at Large Bjorken x", organized at the Orthodox Academy of Crete, I had the pleasure to accompany at the piano my wife, the soprano Kalliopi Petrou, for a concert offered to the participants to the workshop by the organizers.

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Sulfur, Sodium - A Mysterious Salt Combination Preserved The Dead Sea Scrolls For Millennia

Science 2.0 - Sep 07 2019 - 09:09

First discovered in 1947 by Bedouin shepherds looking for a lost sheep, the ancient Hebrew texts now known as the Dead Sea Scrolls are some of the most well-preserved ancient written materials ever found.

And among the roughly 900 full or partial scrolls found in the years since that first discovery, the best preserved is the Temple Scroll, at almost 25 feet also among the longest. It is the best-preserved even though its material is the thinnest of all of them (one-tenth of a millimeter, or roughly 1/250th of an inch thick). It also has the clearest, whitest writing surface of all the scrolls. 

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'I See Nothing But Fields For My Horses' - The Mystery Of A Mongol Massacre In 1238

Science 2.0 - Sep 07 2019 - 07:09
In 1227, Genghis Khan, the founder of the Mongol Empire, died, leaving 129,000 soldiers to carry on his war of conquest. But they didn't do it in one unit, his sons and brothers were all given troops. One of the deceased sons, Jochi, had a son named Batu, and after all of his uncles died as well, Batu, founder of the Golden Horde in the western part of the empire, became the most feared Mongol of his generation.

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Environmental Trial Lawyers Sue EPA Over Sulfoxaflor, Claiming Bees Are Dying Before It's Even In Use

Science 2.0 - Sep 06 2019 - 14:09
Earthjustice, originally created by Sierra Club so they would have yet another group to sue companies and government for stuff Sierra Club wanted to sue over, is at it again, this time claiming 40 percent of bees are dying (a lie) and that the neonicotinoid sulfoxaflor is causing it.

There is no evidence for that, which is why EPA approved it, yet the trial lawyers insist a $200 billion pollinator market is at risk unless EPA settles with them quickly so environmental groups can then sue the company (Corteva) that makes the product.

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Enjoy Fashion Week: That Industry Is Worse For The Environment Than Eating Meat

Science 2.0 - Sep 06 2019 - 10:09
To mark New York Fashion Week, Dana Thomas' new book, Fashionopolis, notes that between 2000 and 2014, the annual number of garments produced doubled to 100 billion: 14 new garments per person per year for every person on the planet, on average being worn only 7 seven times before being thrown out.

If it's sold at all, and 20 billion clothing items go unsold., Thomas says, and that the fashion industry accounts for at least 10 percent of global carbon emissions and 20 percent of all industrial water pollution. 

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Attention Athletes: Get Ready For Performance-Enhancing Bacteria Probiotic Microbiome Omics Hype

Science 2.0 - Sep 06 2019 - 06:09
String Theory, stem cells, epigenetics, antioxidants, they've all been important basic research that got exaggerated beyond recognition, which got media attention, which got people rushing into the fields and led to even more papers making increasingly cosmic claims until the public stopped believing any of the hype, which is where they should have been all along.

Make way for the microbiome. What was once a goofy yogurt claim - as if your trillions of bacteria were going to be impacted by a half cup of overpriced dairy goop - became mainstream supplement gold.

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EPA Is Canceling California's Waiver On Federal Emissions Rules

Science 2.0 - Sep 05 2019 - 16:09
Among the more ridiculous campaigns by environmental lawyers against the Trump administration, protesting the Department of Energy canceling a last-minute Obama regulation that was never going to survive lawsuit challenges was among the silliest.

Until EPA decided to cancel California's 2009 waiver for federal rules on emissions out of spite

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Precision Electronic Medicine And The Future Of Mind Control

Science 2.0 - Sep 05 2019 - 13:09
Implanted brain electrodes can help alleviate symptoms of tremors like with Parkinson's disease but current probes face limitations due to their size and inflexibility.

Neurotechnology may be on the verge of a major renaissance and mesh electronics could lead to a way to design personalized electronic treatment for just about anything related to the brain.

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Though Deaths Remain Infrequent, There Are Racial/Ethnic Disparities In Pregnancy-Related Mortality

Science 2.0 - Sep 05 2019 - 13:09
Emily E. Petersen, MD; Nicole L. Davis, PhD; David Goodman, PhD; et al. have produced a report on racial disparities in pregnancy-related deaths between 2007 and 2016.

The sample is small, only about 700 women die of pregnancy or its complications each year, and that is out of 6,000,000 pregnancies, so it is hard to draw conclusions but data from CDC’s Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System (PMSS) for 2007–2016 find that black and American Indian/Alaska Native women had significantly more pregnancy-related deaths per 100,000 births than did white, Hispanic, and Asian/Pacific Islander women. 

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Cancer Is The Leading Cause Of Death In High-Income Countries, And That's A Public Health Win

Science 2.0 - Sep 05 2019 - 13:09
Two statistical analyses looked at common disease incidence, hospitalization and death, and modifiable cardiovascular risk factors, in middle-aged adults across 21 High-Income, Middle-Income, and Low-Income Countries and found that cancer is now the leading cause of death in wealthier countries.

That's a good thing. It means cardiovascular deaths are in decline, which means greater longevity. The number one risk factor for cancer is instead age.

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Pre-Historic Air Conditioning - Inside The Head Of T. Rex?

Science 2.0 - Sep 05 2019 - 10:09
Scientists believe two large holes in the roof of a T. rex's skull, called the dorsotemporal fenestra, were filled with muscles that assist with jaw movements. 

But Casey Holliday, a professor of anatomy at University of Missouri-Columbia, didn't think that made much sense. "It's really weird for a muscle to come up from the jaw, make a 90-degree turn, and go along the roof of the skull. Yet, we now have a lot of compelling evidence for blood vessels in this area, based on our work with alligators and other reptiles."

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Star Wars Type Holograms Just Became Real Life

Science 2.0 - Sep 05 2019 - 09:09
Last night, September 3rd 2019, live on BBC, something truly extraordinary happened.

Voxon co-founders Will Tamblyn and Gavin Smith came together from across opposite sides of the world via hologram - like in "Star Wars" and numerous other science-fiction shows.



It started like other demonstrations, ballet dancers in three dimensions, viewable from any angle, but then into the “frame” stepped Will, and for the very first time in history, a live holographic video call became reality.

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