TORONTO, ON. – A person's gender in a leadership role is associated with their subordinate's mental and physical health according to new research out of the University of Toronto.
The study conducted by Scott Schieman, a professor of sociology at the University of Toronto and Taralyn McMullen, a PhD candidate, involved data from a 2005 sample of 1,800 working adults in the United States. The participants were assessed on levels of psychological distress, physical symptoms, occupation, job sector, and numerous work conditions including authority, pressures, the quality of interpersonal relations, and satisfaction. The study examined workers who were managed by two supervisors (one male, one female), one same-sex supervisor or one supervisor of a different sex.
The study found that:
"The gender of supervisors matters differently for the health of women and men subordinates—and this pattern generally holds net of an array of workplace conditions," said Schieman.