BERKELEY, CA -- In the late 19th century the Czech scientist Franz Hofmeister observed that some salts (ionic compounds) aided the solution of proteins in egg white, some caused the proteins to destabilize and precipitate, and others ranged in activity between these poles.
Champaign, IL May 12, 2008 A new study in Psychology of Women Quarterly explored the outcomes of sexual harassment on both boys and girls. While girls were harassed more frequently, boys were indirectly yet negatively affected through a school climate that tolerates the harassment of girls.
A growing body of economic research suggests that public investment in early childhood programs may be able to lower public costs for social services by improving childrens long-term welfare, according to a new RAND Corporation report.
Such research could promote a reorientation of child and human services toward investment and prevention, moving away from the current system that seeks to treat problems that develop later in life, according to the report.
Montreal, May 12, 2008 Losing a limb can be a traumatic experience and, in some cases, emotional and physical pain can linger for years. To better understand the phenomenon, dubbed phantom limb syndrome, Université de Montréal graduate student Emma Duerden is inviting amputees to come forward and share their experiences for a major study.
Reston, Va.—Using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), researchers in The Netherlands were able to detect biochemical differences in the brains of individuals with generalized social anxiety disorder (also known as social phobia), providing evidence of a long-suspected biological cause for the dysfunction.
People are being urged to think before they drink as part of a research project aimed at changing peoples binge drinking habits.
A team of health psychologists at The University of Nottingham plan to discover whether using the workplace to supply information on the health effects of binge drinking and asking employees for a small commitment to reducing the amount they drink in a single session could change peoples binge drinking behaviour in the long term.
More than 600 million years of evolution has taken two unlikely distant cousins turkeys and scallops - down very different physical paths from a common ancestor. But University of Leeds researchers have found that a motor protein, myosin 2, remains structurally identical in both creatures.
The discovery suggests that the tiny motor protein is much more important than previously thought and for humans it may even hold a key to understanding potentially fatal conditions such as aneurisms.
Can online networking sites, such as Facebook and MySpace, help new students settle into university social and academic life and minimise the chance of them withdrawing from their courses?
Researchers at the University of Leicester are now looking for first-year University of Leicester students who use Facebook to help their pioneering research into this issue.
They should not be too difficult to recruit. Student use of the online networking site Facebook is running at a phenomenal level, with almost 10,000 present and past students and staff participating.
A mutated gene has been discovered as the key behind epilepsy and mental retardation specific to women, thanks to new research at Adelaides Womens & Childrens Hospital and the University of Adelaide, Australia.
The world-first discovery, published today in Nature Genetics, shows that although men carry the bad gene, only women are affected.
The Unintended Consequences of Pay-for-Performance Programs