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Kids show adult-like intuition about ownership

Eurekalert - 5 hours 57 min ago
Children as young as age three are able to make judgements about who owns an object based on its location, according to a study from the University of Waterloo.
Categories: Content

Blue dye tablet helps identify polyps during colonoscopy

Eurekalert - 5 hours 57 min ago
Ingestion of a blue dye tablet during bowel prep for colonoscopy could be a significant advance in the early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC). When used in conjunction with colonoscopy, the blue dye increased adenoma detection rate (ADR) by nearly 9 percent, according to a study scheduled for presentation at Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2018.
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New study sheds light on the opioid epidemic and challenges prevailing views about this public health crisis

Eurekalert - 5 hours 57 min ago
A study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine sheds new light on the sharp rise in fatal drug overdoses in recent years, one of the most severe public health challenges of our time. The study found that the growth in fatal overdoses for non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) aged 22-56 years was sufficiently large to account for the entire growth in mortality rates (MR) and years of potential life lost (YPLL) for this population from 1999 to 2015.
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Model estimates lifetime risk of Alzheimer's dementia using biomarkers

Eurekalert - 5 hours 57 min ago
Lifetime risks of developing Alzheimer's disease dementia vary considerably by age, gender and whether any signs or symptoms of dementia are present, according to a new study published online by Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association.
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More patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis receiving liver transplants

Eurekalert - 5 hours 57 min ago
Increasingly, liver transplant centers are changing a long-standing practice of delaying potentially life-saving liver transplantation for patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis until after they stopped drinking alcohol for six months, according to a new study scheduled for presentation at Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2018.
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DNA-based vaccine treatment for colorectal cancer to undergo first human study

Eurekalert - 5 hours 57 min ago
Combining a DNA vaccine, which boosts the body's immune response against tumors, with an antibody that blocks the body's natural defense against the potency of the DNA vaccine, may lead to the development of an effective treatment for late stage colorectal cancer, when a cure is not often possible. Preliminary research leading up to this trial will be presented at Digestive Disease Week® 2018.
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Experimental drug eases effects of gluten for celiac patients on gluten-free diet

Eurekalert - 5 hours 57 min ago
An investigational new drug offers hope of relief for celiac disease patients who are inadvertently exposed to gluten while on a gluten-free diet. Findings of the first phase 2 study of a biologic immune modulator in celiac disease will be presented at the upcoming Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2018. Inadvertent exposure to gluten can be a frequent occurrence for celiac patients that triggers symptoms, such as pain in the gut and diarrhea, due to intestinal damage.
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Young toddlers may learn more from interactive than noninteractive media

Eurekalert - 5 hours 57 min ago
Preschoolers can learn from educational television, but younger toddlers may learn more from interactive digital media (such as video chats and touchscreen mobile apps) than from TV and videos alone, which don't require them to interact. That's the conclusion of a new article in the journal Child Development Perspectives that also notes that not all children learn to the same degree from these media.
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Friends influence middle schoolers' attitudes toward peers of different ethnicities, races

Eurekalert - 5 hours 57 min ago
Studies have shown that for young people, simply being around peers from different ethnic and racial backgrounds may not be enough to improve attitudes toward other groups. Instead, children and adolescents also need to value spending time and forming relationships with peers from diverse groups. A new study examined how friends in middle school affect each other's attitudes about interacting with peers of different ethnicities and races, finding that they significantly influence each other's racial and ethnic views.
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Michael Jackson's antigravity tilt -- Talent, magic, or a bit of both?

Eurekalert - 5 hours 57 min ago
Three neurosurgeons from the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research in Chandigarh, India, set out to examine Michael Jackson's antigravity tilt, introduced in the movie video 'Smooth Criminal,' from a neurosurgeon's point of view.
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Including Indigenous elders in primary care positively affects Indigenous patients' mental health

Eurekalert - 5 hours 57 min ago
Indigenous elders can have a broad range of positive effects on the mental and physical health of urban Indigenous people who often experience marginalization and barriers accessing health care, according to a study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) that partnered elders with mainstream health care providers in primary care.
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Improving health research among Indigenous peoples in Canada

Eurekalert - 5 hours 57 min ago
Researchers must understand the historical and social context of Indigenous health research, while valuing the unique knowledge, skills and experiences of Indigenous people, in order to conduct meaningful health research, according to an analysis in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
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The CMAJ group: A home for patient-oriented research

Eurekalert - 5 hours 57 min ago
Researchers who are conducting patient-oriented research, which engages patients in research to improve health and health care, may find a home for their research in CMAJ Open and CMAJ, announces an editorial in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal),
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Add ADHD Meds To Call Burden For Poison Control Centers

ACSH - May 21 2018 - 22:05

A new study details the call burden on US Poison Control Centers of unintentional and intentional exposures to medications used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Just substitute the substance and read why it's the same story, different day.

Categories: ACSH

Overexposed: Poison Control Centers Get 29 Calls Per Day About ADHD Medications

Science 2.0 - May 21 2018 - 16:05
Diagnoses of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) skyrocketed in the 1990s, leading to concern that teachers wanted all kids to be automatons in classrooms and too many older parents were concerned about kids just being kids.

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Categories: Science 2.0

For Healthy Aging, We Need To Fight The Dark Side of Evolution

ACSH - May 21 2018 - 14:05

Science, technology, engineering, and medicine have brought wonderful improvements in our lives. We have greater longevity and lower infant mortality thanks to plentiful food, clean water, affordable energy, antibiotics, vaccines, and more.

Categories: ACSH

Nominations For 2018 Sartorius & Science Prize In Regenerative Medicine And Cell Therapy

Science 2.0 - May 21 2018 - 13:05
If you are a scientist who received their PhD/MD within the past 10 years you can apply for the 2018 Sartorius&Science Prize in Regenerative Medicine and Cell Therapy by October 1, 2018. The Sartorius Group is a pharmaceutical and laboratory equipment provider. The grand prize is $25,000 and a publication of your essay in Science while the Grand Prize essay and three runners-up will be published in Science Online.

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Categories: Science 2.0

Five Days. 50 Events. Go to Know - World Science Festival is Almost Here

ACSH - May 21 2018 - 08:05

Every year since 2008, the World Science Festival (WSF) has brought cutting edge science programs to New York City. If you love science and are looking for something to do next weekend (May 30th - June 3rd) check out the website at www.worldsciencefestival.com to take a look at the wide array of events. After taking a deep dive into the program this weekend, to choose which events I will be attending, I can say that they really seem to have outdone themselves this year. There is truly something for everyone.

Categories: ACSH

Are Most Clinical Trials Unethical?

ACSH - May 21 2018 - 07:05

A premature infant is born with a form of severe lung injury that carries a 20% chance of survival. Her physician decides to throw a medical “Hail Mary” and try an untested adult technique to bypass the injured lungs. The infant survives, and after a few more tries, the physician realizes that the survival rate may be as high as 80% with this new treatment. Does he know enough that the treatment should become standard practice, or is a randomized clinical trial required?

Categories: ACSH

Are You Crazy? Why Patients Use Complementary Medicine

ACSH - May 21 2018 - 06:05

A recent study in JAMA reported on the possible effects of acupuncture on women undergoing in vitro fertilization. 848 women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) in Australia and New Zealand with half receiving three treatments with acupuncture during an IVF cycle and the other half undergoing sham acupuncture with less invasive needles at body points unrecognized as credible acupuncture points. The results, 18.3% live births in the acupuncture group, 17.8% in the sham control group. Acupuncture made no difference.

Categories: ACSH