Eliminating 'springback' to help make environmentally friendly cars

Eliminating 'springback' to help make environmentally friendly cars

Manufacturing safe and lightweight cars that emit less carbon dioxide could become easier thanks to a clever new engineering development from researchers at Hiroshima University.

Dr. Komgrit Lawanwong and colleagues have engineered some subtle refinements to metal forming techniques that allowed them to prevent a difficult problem called "springback," which plagues the process of bending high-strength steel (HSS). Their results appear in the Journal of Materials Processing Technology.

New map boosts understanding of complex UN climate regime

New map boosts understanding of complex UN climate regime

Researchers from Queensland's Griffith University have helped create a comprehensive and interactive map of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

A unique tool for policy makers and anyone concerned with climate change generally, the map is timely given the beginning of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change in Paris, and has applications across fields including science, economics, government and industry.

Men who forgo aggressive treatment for prostate cancer don't receive appropriate monitoring

Men who forgo aggressive treatment for prostate cancer don't receive appropriate monitoring

An increasing number of men diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer are opting for active surveillance - closely monitoring their cancer - rather than aggressive treatment to avoid the debilitating potential side effects of surgery and radiation, such as erectile and urinary dysfunction.

However, a new study by UCLA researchers has found that less than 5 percent of men who chose to forgo aggressive treatment are being monitored as closely as they should be, putting them in danger of their cancer progressing or metastasizing without their knowledge.

Childbirth an athletic event? Sports medicine used to diagnose injuries caused by deliveries

ANN ARBOR--Childbirth is arguably the most traumatic event the human body can undergo, and new imaging techniques show that up to 15 percent of women sustain pelvic injuries that don't heal.

Researchers from the University of Michigan reasoned that using MRI to diagnose childbirth injuries--a technique usually reserved for sports medicine--makes sense because childbirth is as traumatic as many endurance sports.

Sins of the father could weigh on the next generation: RMIT study

The amount of food consumed by fathers could have a direct impact on their unborn children's health and wellbeing, according to new RMIT University research.

The study suggested a dad's diet before they conceive could be genetically passed onto the next generation, with a subsequent impact on those childrens' mental health.

While mothers' diet and impact on children has been widely researched, this is believed to be the first time the behavioural and hormonal effects of the male diet on offspring has been studied.

Genetic study of patients with inflammatory bowel disease could lead to better treatments

LOS ANGELES (November 30, 2015) - Genetic variation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) appears to play a major role in determining how sick they will become and could provide a road map for more effective treatments.

The findings of an international study of 35,000 patients with the two most common forms of the illness, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, appears in The Lancet. Investigators compared the clinical records of IBD patients with data collected from analyzing their DNA in what is considered the largest study of its kind.

Distracted dining? Steer clear of it!

URBANA, Ill. - A new University of Illinois study reveals that distracted dining may be as dangerous to your health as distracted driving is to your safety on the highway.

"Being distracted during meals puts kids at added risk for obesity and increased consumption of unhealthy foods. In this study, we found that noisy and distracting environments affected parents' actions, and we know that parents set the tone for the quality of family mealtimes," said Barbara H. Fiese, director of the U of I's Family Resiliency Center (FRC).

Genes for a longer, healthier life found

Driven by the quest for eternal youth, humankind has spent centuries obsessed with the question of how it is exactly that we age. With advancements in molecular genetic methods in recent decades, the search for the genes involved in the ageing process has greatly accelerated.

Watching eyes prevent littering

People are less likely to drop litter if it has printed eyes on it, researchers at Newcastle University, UK, have found.

An image of watching eyes reduced the odds of littering by around two thirds.

In an experiment that could help tackle anti-social behaviour they printed two leaflets, one featuring a prominent image of watching eyes and the same leaflet with the eyes obscured. Even with no mention of littering, the simple image of the eyes deterred people from dropping the litter.

Physicians and burnout: It's getting worse

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Burnout among U.S. physicians is getting worse. An update from a three-year study evaluating burnout and work-life balance shows that American physicians are worse off today than they were three years earlier. These dimensions remained largely unchanged among U.S. workers in general, resulting in a widening gap between physicians and workers in other fields. The study conducted by Mayo Clinic researchers in partnership with the American Medical Association compared data from 2014 to metrics they collected in 2011 and found that now more than half of U.S.