NSF-supported scientists present research

IMAGE: Scientists study Northern California's Eel River watershed at one of NSF's nine CZO sites.

Image credit: 
Lobsang Wangdu, UCNRS

Find related stories on NSF's Critical Zone Observatories at this link.

The thin veneer of Earth's surface that stretches from the top of the forest canopy to the base of bedrock is known as the "critical zone." It's where fresh water flows, rock turns to soil and life flourishes.

To provide a deeper understanding of the critical zone, the National Science Foundation (NSF) supports nine Critical Zone Observatories (CZOs) that stretch from coast to coast. NSF CZO scientists study how the critical zone responds to changes in climate and land use.

At the 2017 AGU Fall Meeting, held at the New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center in New Orleans, Louisiana, from Dec. 11-15, 2017, dozens of CZO researchers will present new results on a range of topics, from the structure, function and evolution of Earth's "living skin" to the interactions between climate and rocks.

CZO scientists will discuss plants as plumbers and builders of the critical zone; the effects of Hurricane Maria on the Luquillo, Puerto Rico, critical zone; wildfire in the critical zone; rainfall-triggered landslide hazards; carbon dioxide in sagebrush steppe ecosystems; land-use legacies of old-field succession; snow-dominated headwater catchments; and myriad other subjects.

Researchers at NSF's CZOs are working to answer such questions as:

How do landscapes evolve over human timescales and over millennia, and how is that process affected by the presence and flow of water?
How do soil and weathered bedrock move down hillslopes, and how are they linked with the evolution of channels that often surround the bases of these hillslopes?
How do biological processes affect physical processes such as erosion and weathering?
Are there signals in the landscape that can tell us about past climates and about how landscapes responded then, or might respond in the future, to climate change?

The NSF CZO program will host booth #2032 in the exhibit hall. On Thursday, Dec. 14, the program will host a town hall meeting, "Critical Zone Observatories: Platforms for Collaborative Science," from 12:30-13:30 in the New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 208-209.

Find a partial list of CZO science-related sessions, talks and posters by date/time below.

Monday, Dec. 11, 2017

U13B-37: The influence of critical zone structure on runoff paths, seasonal water storage, and ecosystem composition15:28 - 15:31 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 252-254

H14D-02: Using a spatially-distributed hydrologic biogeochemistry model with nitrogen transport to study the spatial variation of carbon stocks and fluxes in a Critical Zone Observatory16:15 - 16:30 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 283-285

H14D-03: Ecohydrological consequences of vegetation interactions within the critical zone in the tropical Andes: multi-scale assessment of vegetation change consequences 16:30 - 16:45 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 283-285

H14D-08: Where should the upper boundary of the earth's critical zone be?17:45 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 283-285

Tuesday, Dec. 12, 2017

EP21H-01: Lithologic controls on critical zone processes in a variably metamorphosed shale-hosted watershed08:00 - 08:15 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, room 352

B21D-1981: Fostering collaboration across the U.S. Critical Zone Observatories Network 08:00 - 12:20 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

H21A-1439: Critical zone structure inferred from multiscale near surface geophysical and hydrological data across hillslopes at the Eel River CZO08:00 - 12:20 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

B21J-02: Differential chemical fractionation of dissolved organic matter during sorption by Fe mineral phases in a tropical soil from the Luquillo Critical Zone Observatory08:15 - 08:30 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 386-387

H22A-01: Boron isotopes at the catchment scale, a new potential tool to infer critical zone processes. (Invited)10:20 - 10:35 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 298-299

H22A-02: Decoupling of stream and vegetation solutes during the late stages of weathering: insights from elemental and magnesium isotope trends at the Luquillo Critical Zone Observatory, Puerto Rico10:35 - 10:50 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 298-299

ED22A-02: Climate change literacy across the Critical Zone Observatory Network10:35 - 10:50 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, room 245

B23D-2097: The potential for iron reduction in upland soils in Calhoun Critical Zone Observatory13:40 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

EP23C-1938: Subsurface particle loss during shale weathering can alter soil and rock chemistry13:40 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

H23H: Plants as builders and plumbers of the critical zone I Posters13:40 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

H23H-1768: Soil weathering agents are limited where deep tree roots are removed, even after decades of forest regeneration

H23H-1769: Predicting Plant-Accessible Water in the Critical Zone: Mountain Ecosystems in a Mediterranean Climate

H23H-1771: Illuminating pathways of forest nutrient provision: relative release from soil mineral and organic pools

H23H-1777: How soil water storage moderates climate changes effects on transpiration, across the different climates of the Critical Zone Observatories

H23H-1779: Temporal dynamics of tree source water in sky island ecosystems with ephemeral snow pack: a case study using Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas Fir)

H23H-1780: The Dual Role of Vegetation as a Constraint on Mass and Energy Flux into the Critical Zone and as an Emergent Property of Geophysical Critical Zone Structure

H23H-1781: Gilbert's soil production paradigm applied to a critical zone's fractionation of particle sizes

B23C-2076: Coupled modeling of rhizosphere and reactive transport processes13:40 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

H23N-08: Wildfire in the critical zone: pyro-geomorphic feedbacks in upland forests 15:21 - 15:38 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 283-285

ED24A-02: Teaching climate science within the transdisciplinary framework of critical zone science 16:20 - 16:35 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, room 245

Wednesday, Dec. 13, 2017

B31H-01: Using the Critical Zone Observatory Network to put geology into environmental science 08:00 - 08:05 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 383-385

H31J-08: An integrated geophysical and geochemical exploration of critical zone weathering on opposing montane hillslope09:45 - 10:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 298-299

B33D-2108: Portable gamma spectrometry: measuring soil erosion in-situ at four Critical Zone Observatories in P. R. China13:40 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

H33A-1645: Quantifying seasonal dynamic water storage in a fractured bedrock vadose zone with borehole nuclear magnetic resonance13:40 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

H33D-1709: Imaging preferential flow pathways of contaminants from passive acid mine drainage mitigation sites using electrical resistivity13:40 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

B33G-03: Deep soil carbon in the critical zone: amount and nature of carbon in weathered bedrock, and its implication for soil carbon inventory14:10 - 14:25 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 386-387

Thursday, Dec. 14, 2017

B41E-2011: Toward a standardized soil carbon database platform in the U.S. Critical Zone Observatory Network08:00 - 12:20 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

B41F-2028: Carbon dioxide effluxes and their environmental controls in sagebrush steppe ecosystems along an elevation gradient in the Reynolds Creek Critical Zone Observatory 08:00 - 12:20 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

H41C-1449: Hydrologic functioning of the deep critical zone and contributions to streamflow in a high elevation catchment: testing of multiple conceptual models08:00 - 12:20 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

H41G: Modeling the critical zone: integrating processes and data across disciplines and scales III Posters08:00 - 12:20 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

H41G-1524: Effects of Precipitation Type on Streamflow Efficiency At Critical Zone Observatories in the Western United States

H41G-1531: Cracking up (and down): Linking multi-domain hydraulic properties with multi-scale hydrological processes in shrink-swell soils

H41G-1534: Scaling up: What coupled land-atmosphere models can tell us about critical zone processes

H41G-1538: Parameterization of Nitrogen Limitation for a Dynamic Ecohydrological Model: a Case Study from the Luquillo Critical Zone Observatory

H41G-1539: Spatial Variability of Soil-Water Storage in the Southern Sierra Critical Zone Observatory: Measurement and Prediction

H41G-1540: Can Process Understanding Help Elucidate The Structure Of The Critical Zone? Comparing Process-Based Soil Formation Models With Digital Soil Mapping

H41G-1541: The impact of hydrologic segmentation on the Critical Zone water fluxes of headwater catchments

H41I-1556: Does variability in shallow hydraulic conductivity explain subsurface electrical resistivity anomalies in a Piedmont hillslope?08:00 - 12:20 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

H41J-1595: Measurements of soil, surface water, and groundwater CO2 concentration variability in Earth's critical zone: low-cost, long-term, high-temporal resolution monitoring08:00 - 12:20 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

PA42A: How does your geoscience research matter, and can you explain how it matters to the public?10:20 - 12:20 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 255-257

PA42A-07: Sustainable California: Getting the word out through a web-based TV channel -- 10:50 - 10:55

PA42A-08: Critical Transition in Critical Zone of Intensively Managed Landscapes -- 10:55 - 11:00

PA42A-11: Every rural resident knows that the geosciences matter! -- 11:10 - 11:15

H42F-04: Recent developments and emergent challenges in ecohydrology: Focus on the belowground frontier10:52 - 11:02 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 280-282

Town Hall: Critical Zone Observatories: platforms for collaborative science12:30 - 13:30 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 208-209

H43O-01: Hydrologic synthesis Across the Critical Zone Observatory Network: a step toward understanding the coevolution of critical zone function and structure13:40 - 13:55 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, La Nouvelle C

H43S: Modeling the critical zone: Integrating processes and data across disciplines and scales I13:40 - 15:40 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 298-299

H43S-01: Simulation Based Exploration of Critical Zone Dynamics in Intensively Managed Landscapes -- 13:40 - 13:55

H43S-03: Discerning Thermodynamic Basis of Self-Organization in Critical Zone Structure and Function -- 14:10 - 14:25

H43S-06: Constructing an everywhere and locally relevant predictive model of the West-African critical zone -- 14:55 - 15:10

H43S-07: Elucidating Critical Zone Process Interactions with an Integrated Hydrology Model in a Headwaters Research Catchment -- 15:10 - 15:25

H43S-08: From Buckets to Basins: Scaling up from the CZO to the NOAA National Water Model -- 15:25 - 15:40

B43E: Concentration-discharge relations in the critical zone I Posters13:40 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

B43E-2166: Seasonal Stream Partitioning and Critical Zone Feedbacks within a Colorado River Headwater Basin

B43E-2172: Relating runoff generation mechanisms to concentration-discharge relationships in catchments with well-characterized Critical Zone structures and hydrologic dynamics

B43E-2175: Particulate Organic Carbon (POC) and Particulate N (PN) behaviors in Response to Storm Events in the Clear Creek, IA Site of the Intensively Managed Landscape - Critical Zone Observatory (IML-CZO)

B43E-2178: Changes in DOM Character and Composition during Spring Snow Melt in the Jemez River Basin Critical Zone Observatory

B43E-2179: Flow pathways in the evolving critical zone - insights from hydraulic groundwater theory

B43E-2181: Merging Hydrologic, Geochemical, and Geophysical Approaches to Understand the Regolith Architecture of a Deeply Weathered Piedmont Critical Zone

H43J-1782: Patterns in soil electrical resistivity across land uses in the Calhoun Critical Zone Observatory landscape13:40 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

H43P-06: Critical zone co-dynamics: quantifying interactions between subsurface, land surface, and vegetation properties using UAV and geophysical approaches14:55 - 15:10 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 283-285

H44G: Modeling the critical zone: integrating processes and data across disciplines and scales II16:00 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 298-299

H44G-02: Pedotransfer functions in Earth system science: challenges and perspectives -- 16:15 - 16:30

H44G-04: Hydrologic Drivers of Soil Organic Carbon Erosion and Burial: Insights from a Spatially-explicit Model of a Degraded Landscape at the Calhoun Critical Zone Observatory -- 16:45 - 17:00

H44G-05: Effects of Climate on Co-evolution of Weathering Profiles and Hillscapes -- 17:00 - 17:15

H44G-07: Towards Understanding Soil Forming in Santa Clotilde Critical Zone Observatory: Modelling Soil Mixing Processes in a Hillslope using Luminescence Techniques -- 17:30 - 17:45

H44G-08: Multi-scale geophysical study to model the distribution and development of fractures in relation to the knickpoint in the Luquillo Critical Zone Observatory (Puerto Rico) -- 17:45 - 18:00

IN44A-07: ODM2 admin pilot project- a data management application for observations of the Critical Zone17:30 - 17:45 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 228-230

Friday, Dec. 15, 2017

H51K-1413: Hydrological functioning of West African inland valleys explored with a critical zone model08:00 - 12:20 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

EP52B-05: A dynamic hydrology-critical zone framework for rainfall-triggered landslide hazard prediction11:20 - 11:35 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 353-355

ED53I-0234: Using the NGSS to analyze the NGSS suggests teaching the critical zone to improve NGSS implementation13:40 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

EP53D: Where things aren't: understanding the role of porosity in the critical zone posters13:40 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

EP53D-1762: The influence of subsurface porosity and bedrock composition on ecosystem productivity and drought resilience in the Sierra Nevada Batholith, California (Invited)

EP53D-1763: Land use legacies of old-field succession and soil structure at the Calhoun Critical Zone Observatory in SC, USA.

EP53D-1764: Insights into the base of the critical zone from geophysical logging and groundwater flow testing at U.S. Critical Zone Observatories (CZO) and critical zone study sites (CZs)

EP53D-1765: Making the most of CZ seismics: Improving shallow critical zone characterization using surface-wave analysis

EP53D-1768: Mapping porosity of the deep critical zone in 3D using near-surface geophysics, rock physics modeling, and drilling New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

EP53D-1770: The role of rock moisture on regulating hydrologic and solute fluxes in the critical zone (Invited)

H53G-1552: Spatiotemporal heterogeneity of dissolved organic carbon in waters and soils in a snow-dominated headwater catchment: investigations at Reynolds Creek Critical Zone Observatory, Owyhee County, Idaho13:40 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

H53G-1560: Linking carbon and hydrologic fluxes in the critical zone: Observations from high-frequency monitoring of a weathered bedrock vadose zone13:40 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall D-F

H53L-03: Hydrological connectivity in the karst critical zone: an integrated approach14:10 - 14:25 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 288-290

B54A: Concentration-discharge Relations in the critical zone II16:00 - 18:00 -- New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, rooms 356-357

B54A-02: Perennial flow through convergent hillslopes explains chemodynamic solute behavior in a shale headwater catchment

B54A-03: Cross-site comparisons of concentration-discharge relationships reveal climate-driven chemostatic set points -- 16:30 - 16:45

B54A-04: Thermodynamic Constraints on Coupled Carbonate-Pyrite Weathering Dynamics and Carbon Fluxes (Invited) -- 16:45 - 17:00

B54A-06: Mechanisms Generating Chemostatic Si-discharge Relationships in Granitoid Catchments of the Critical Zone Network -- 17:15 - 17:30

B54A-08: Understanding the Role of the Co-Play between Land Use and Climate on Sediment Flux Laws in Intensively Managed Landscapes -- 17:45 - 18:00

Credit: 
National Science Foundation