Health insurance reform plans that build on a mix of private and public health insurance, where costs are shared among government, employers, and enrollees would have great potential to move the system to high performance and would be the most practical to implement according to a new report released today by The Commonwealth Fund Commission on a High Performance Health System. Commissioners are a diverse group of leading health policy experts from government, private industry, health care delivery organizations, academia, and professional associations.
Affordable, comprehensive health insurance coverage for all Americans is essential to achieving a high performance health system, say the report authors, because coverage helps to ensure access to essential preventive services; improve overall health; cut down on inefficiencies like duplicate medical tests; reduce administrative costs; and eliminate costly uncompensated care for uninsured and underinsured families.
However, the way coverage reform plans are designed will be critical to their success and ability to offer all participants access to high-quality, efficient, and equitable health care, according to the analysis, A Roadmap to Health Insurance for All: Principles for Reform, prepared for the Commission by Sara Collins, Assistant Vice President at The Commonwealth Fund and colleagues. The report is the first of three major policy reports the Commission will issue this Fall.
“If we do health reform right, we can get all Americans covered, improve quality and efficiency, and control skyrocketing health care costs,” said Collins.
The report describes how all of the health insurance reform plans now being proposed by presidential candidates and lawmakers fall into one of three general types—tax incentives and individual insurance markets; mixed private-public group insurance with shared responsibility for financing; and public insurance. The report also outlines key principles for health care reform that all Americans should keep in mind as they consider these plans. For example:
“While the Commission does not endorse a specific health insurance reform proposal, we see the principles of equitable access for all, quality and efficiency of care, and adequate and fair financing, as critical to any reform plan,” said James J. Mongan, M.D., President and CEO of Partners HealthCare System, Inc., and Chair of the Commission. “The Commission’s view is that the most pragmatic approach to coverage for all is mixed private-public group insurance, a strategy that builds on our current system of health insurance with a shared responsibility for financing from individuals, employers, and government that minimizes dislocation for the millions of Americans who have excellent coverage.”
In the Commission’s view, both the mixed private-public group insurance with a shared responsibility for financing, and the public insurance reform proposals have the greatest potential to provide everyone with comprehensive and affordable health insurance, achieve greater equity in access to care, realize efficiencies and cost savings in the provision of coverage and delivery of care, and redirect incentives to improve quality. However, the mixed private-public approach is the more pragmatic one because it allows those who now have employer-based health coverage to retain it, causing far less dislocation initially than asking people to enroll in a new program, and minimizing federal budget outlays.
The report categorizes current health care reform proposals according to three distinct models:
Tax Incentives and Individual Insurance Market
Mixed Private-Public Group Insurance Plans
“The most important takeaway of this report is that universal coverage is essential to improve access, quality, equity, and efficiency in the U.S. health care system,” said Dallas Salisbury, President and CEO of the Employee Benefit Research Institute and Chair of the Commission’s Coverage Workgroup. “However, the design of any health care reform plan will determine whether we are able to achieve the goal of a truly high performing health system.”
The Commonwealth Fund Commission on a High Performance Health System, formed in April 2005, seeks opportunities to change the delivery and financing of health care to improve system performance, and will identify public and private policies and practices that would lead to those improvements.
The Commission members are: James J. Mongan, M.D. (Chair), Partners HealthCare System, Inc., Maureen Bisognano, Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Christine K. Cassel, M.D., American Board of Internal Medicine and ABIM Foundation, Michael Chernew, Ph.D., Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Patricia Gabow, M.D., Denver Health, Robert Galvin, M.D., General Electric Company,
Fernando A. Guerra, M.D., M.P.H., San Antonio Metropolitan Health District, George C. Halvorson, Kaiser Foundation Health Plan Inc., Robert M. Hayes, J.D., Medicare Rights Center, Glenn M. Hackbarth, J.D., Consultant, Cleve L. Killingsworth, Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts, Sheila T. Leatherman, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Gregory P. Poulsen, M.B.A., Intermountain Health Care
Dallas L. Salisbury, Employee Benefit Research Institute, Sandra Shewry, State of California Department of Health Services, Glenn D. Steele, Jr., M.D., Ph.D., Geisinger Health System, Mary K. Wakefield, Ph.D., R.N., Center for Rural Health, University of North Dakota, Alan R. Weil, J.D., M.P.P., National Academy for State Health Policy Steve Wetzell, HR Policy Association.
The Commonwealth Fund is an independent foundation working toward health policy reform and a high performance health system.