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In the surcharge blame game, companies tend to finish last

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Companies may bear the brunt of the blame for imposing surcharges on consumers, even when an outside agency foisted those charges on the company, according to an international team of researchers.
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How does the brain learn categorization for sounds? The same way it does for images

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Categorization, or the recognition that individual objects share similarities and can be grouped together, is fundamental to how we make sense of the world. Previous research has revealed how the brain categorizes images. Now, researchers funded by the National Science Foundation have discovered that the brain categorizes sounds in much the same way.
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Pregnant moms and their offspring should limit added sugars in their diets to protect childhood cognition

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
A new study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine has determined that poorer childhood cognition occurred, particularly in memory and learning, when pregnant women or their offspring consumed greater quantities of sugar. Substituting diet soda for sugar-sweetened versions during pregnancy also appeared to have negative effects. However, children's fruit consumption had beneficial effects and was associated with higher cognitive scores.
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Small changes in rainforests cause big damage to fish ecosystems

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Using lasers, researchers have connected, arranged and merged artificial cells, paving the way for networks of artificial cells acting as tissues.
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'Peace agreements have always only succeeded with genuine trust'

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Gifts, peace banquets and reconciliation rituals: according to historians, peace agreements have historically been reached if, above all, specific trust could be established between opponents.
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Blowfly uses saliva to keep cool

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
The insect moves droplet of saliva in and out of its mouth to promote evaporation and lower body temperature, according to study by researchers in Brazil.
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Does concussion recovery and symptom severity differ between men and women?

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
A new study comparing male and female athletes examined whether there are clear sex-related differences in post-concussion symptom severity and length of recovery.
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Feather replacement or parental care? Migratory birds desert their offspring to molt

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
A new study shows that when feather replacement and parental care overlap in time, migratory songbirds make a striking trade-off; they desert their offspring, leaving their mates to provide all remaining parental care.
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Electrochemical tuning of single layer materials relies on defects

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Perfection is not everything, according to an international team of researchers whose 2-D materials study shows that defects can enhance a material's physical, electrochemical, magnetic, energy and catalytic properties.
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Why traffic accidents with cyclists are becoming increasingly more common

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
The bicycle is a cheap and ecological way of transport, and it is also a healthy option. This is why the number of cyclists in cities has increased in recent years, but so has the accident rate. A study confirms that these incidents are caused by a combination of inadequate infrastructures and risk behavior on the part of drivers and cyclists.
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Medical doctors remain trapped in their substance-use disorders

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Fear of dismissal or of losing their authorization keeps medical doctors trapped in their substance-use disorders, and instead of seeking help they attempt self-treatment. This is shown by a new study from Aarhus University.
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Age affects how we predict and respond to stress at home

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
A recent study finds that older adults are better than younger adults at anticipating stressful events at home -- but older adults are not as good at using those predictions to reduce the adverse impacts of the stress.
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Study predicts 2018 flu vaccine will have 20 percent efficacy

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
A Rice University study of 6,610 human flu sequences predicts that this fall's flu vaccine will likely have the same reduced efficacy against the dominant circulating strain of influenza A as the vaccine given in 2016 and 2017 due to viral mutations related to vaccine production in eggs.
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Online ads help pregnant smokers quit

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
New research shows that online ads encouraging pregnant women to take up stop smoking support could be more effective than advice delivered in a clinical setting.The new study shows that commercial online advertising about cessation support could engage large numbers of women earlier in their pregnancies, and at a lower cost.
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New ant species from Borneo explodes to defend its colony

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
When their colony is threatened by an intruder, workers of a newly discovered species of ant can actually tear their own body apart, in order to release toxins and either kill or hold off the enemy. Discovered by an interdisciplinary team of researchers from Austria, Thailand and Brunei, the new species is the first of the so-called 'exploding ants' to be described since 1935. The study is published in the open-access journal ZooKeys.
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Far-red fluorescent silk can kill harmful bacteria as biomedical and environmental remedy

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
A silk hybrid material attacks bacteria when illuminated by a green light, thanks to a far-red fluorescent protein researchers transferred to its genetic makeup.
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Porous salts for fuel cells

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Scientists have developed a new class of crystalline porous organic salts with high proton conductivity for applications such as proton-exchange membranes for fuel cells. As reported in the journal Angewandte Chemie, polar channels that contain water play a critical role in proton conduction. At about 60 °C and high humidity, their proton conductivity is one of the best yet found in a porous material.
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Decision-making predicts future drug addiction in recreational users

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Activity in decision-making brain regions of people who use recreational stimulants predicts who will discontinue use and who will develop a drug use disorder, according to a new study led by Martin Paulus, Ph.D., of Laureate Institute of Brain Research, Tulsa, Okla.
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Study calls for industry legislation to build a better future in developing countries

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
New research from the University of Portsmouth has called for stronger industry legislation in developing countries to help fight business monopolies reducing competition.
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Weight-loss surgery improves lives and saves money

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
A new BJS (British Journal of Surgery) study indicates that weight-loss surgery is cost-effective over 10 years and can save healthcare systems money over a lifetime.
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