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How mantis shrimp pack the meanest punch

Eurekalert - 14 hours 11 min ago
In research published today in Advanced Materials, a group of researchers led by UC Riverside's David Kisailus has identified a unique structure that wraps around the mantis shrimp's club to protect it from self-inflicted damage as it crushes hard-shelled prey. The finding will help Kisailus' team develop ultra-strong materials for the aerospace and sports industries.
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Slow 'hot electrons' could improve solar cell efficiency

Eurekalert - 14 hours 11 min ago
Photons with energy higher than the 'band gap' of the semiconductor absorbing them give rise to what are known as hot electrons. The extra energy is lost very fast, as it is converted into heat so it does not contribute to the voltage. University of Groningen Professor of Photophysics and Optoelectronics Maria Antonietta Loi has now found a material in which these hot electrons retain their high energy levels for much longer.
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Being bilingual may help autistic children

Eurekalert - 14 hours 11 min ago
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) often have a hard time switching gears from one task to another. But being bilingual may actually make it a bit easier for them to do so, according to a new study which was recently published in Child Development.
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Math can predict how cancer cells evolve

Eurekalert - 14 hours 11 min ago
Applied mathematics can be a powerful tool in helping predict the genesis and evolution of different types of cancers, a study from the University of Waterloo has found.
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Declining trust in facts, institutions imposes real-world costs on US society, RAND report finds

Eurekalert - 14 hours 11 min ago
Americans' reliance on facts to discuss public issues has declined significantly in the past two decades, leading to political paralysis and collapse of civil discourse.
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Who uses phone apps to track sleep habits? Mostly the healthy and wealthy in US

Eurekalert - 14 hours 11 min ago
The profile of most Americans who use popular mobile phone apps that track sleep habits is that they are relatively affluent, claim to eat well, and say they are in good health, even if some of them tend to smoke.
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Shale gas is one of the least sustainable ways to produce electricity, research finds

Eurekalert - 14 hours 11 min ago
Shale gas is one of least sustainable options for producing electricity, according to new research from The University of Manchester.
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In Medicine, Words Matter (And Not In The Ways You Might Think)

ACSH - Jan 15 2018 - 19:01

With Press Secretary Sarah Sanders' release of preliminary statements by the White House physician over President Trump's first routine medical exam in office, social media is going wild over word selection. But, are they using the right lens?

Categories: ACSH

Dear NY Times, Your Opioid Coverage Has Been Terrible. Here's Why

ACSH - Jan 15 2018 - 16:01

The New York Times just surveyed readers to ask about the paper's coverage of the "opioid epidemic." Lots of boxes to check and pre-fab questions. Instead, I used *one* sentence from a Times article to point out what is wrong. The answer - plenty. 

Categories: ACSH

The Global Age Of The Algorithm Manifested In Communist China's Dystopian Social Credit System

Science 2.0 - Jan 15 2018 - 12:01

The Chinese government’s ongoing attempts to create a social credit system aimed at rating the trustworthiness of people and companies have generated equal measures of fascination and anxiety around the world. Social credit is depicted as something uniquely Chinese – a nefarious and perverse digital innovation that could only be conceived of and carried out by a regime like the Chinese Communist Party.

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Categories: Science 2.0

Progressive Eugenics Is Still With Us - It Has Just Politically Evolved

ACSH - Jan 15 2018 - 12:01

Eugenics has been science’s toxic brand since the end of World War II. The point was driven home yet again recently when Toby Young, appointee to the UK’s newly established Office of Students, was denounced in the House of Commons for having written favorably of “progressive eugenics”. Young resigned from the post the following day amid complaints about a series of other tweets and comments made in the past.

Categories: ACSH

The Ants Treat Infections with "Extreme Prejudice" - Destructive disinfection

ACSH - Jan 15 2018 - 10:01

The flu season should remind us that as social animals pathogens can kill both individuals and large segments of our population. A recent study sheds some light on how ants, social insects, cope with infections that endanger their colony.

Categories: ACSH

Gluten Intolerance Is Mostly An American Thing

Science 2.0 - Jan 15 2018 - 06:01
In Canada, even people with Celiac disease don't really think of it as a disease, so it's no surprise the more subjective gluten "intolerance", which food marketers have used to create a $5 billion industry south of the Canadian border, is basically unknown. 
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Categories: Science 2.0

Power stations in cells may protect brain against Parkinson's

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
Impairment in mitochondria may actually protect the brain in Parkinson's disease.
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New record at ultracold neutron source in Mainz

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
Researchers at Mainz University installed an update to their ultracold neutron source. Now the prerequisites are in place that are needed to begin the more sensitive measurements required to determine the lifetime of the free neutron.
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Scientists home in on a potential Anthropocene 'Golden Spike'

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
Anthropocene Working Group led by University of Leicester scientists and invited specialists review the potential settings where a global reference section for the Anthropocene might be searched.
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European cities could avoid up to 10,000 premature deaths by expanding cycling networks

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
A study led by researchers from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) has found that expanding designated cycling networks in cities could provide considerable health and economic benefits.
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HKBU scholars develop new technology to decode gene transcription

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
A research team from the School of Chinese Medicine (SCM) of Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) has developed the world's first model framework and 'LogicTRN' algorithm to accurately establish a gene regulatory route to analyse the genetic function and understand the biological processes.
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Researchers propose new gas-solid reaction for high-speed perovskite photodetector

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
The gas-solid reaction method provides a full coverage of the perovskite film and avoids the damage from the organic solvent, which is beneficial for the light capture and electrons transportation, resulting in a faster response time and stability for the perovskite photodetector.
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Danish researchers reveal how the MRSA bacterium handles stress

Eurekalert - Jan 15 2018 - 00:01
An international team of researchers has revealed a fundamental mechanism responsible for handling stress in staphylococci when they are exposed to antibiotics. It is expected that the research results eventually can be used to develop new antibiotics that circumvent such stress mechanisms.
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