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Deep data dive helps predict cerebral palsy

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
A pioneering technique developed to analyze genetic activity of Antarctic worms is helping to predict cerebral palsy. The technique uses next-generation genetic sequencing data to measure how cells control the way genes are turned on or off, and can also be used in other human health care research.
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Scientists solve the case of the missing subplate, with wide implications for brain science

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
A new study shows that a group of neurons, previously thought to die in the course of development, in fact become incorporated into the brain's cortex. This research has implications for understanding -- and possibly treating --several brain disorders.
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New cellular pathway helps explain how inflammation leads to artery disease

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Investigators have identified a new cellular pathway that may help explain how arterial inflammation develops into atherosclerosis -- deposits of cholesterol, fats and other substances that create plaque, clog arteries and promote heart attacks and stroke. The findings could lead to improved therapies for atherosclerosis, a leading cause of death worldwide.
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Template to create superatoms, created by VCU researchers, could make for better batteries

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Virginia Commonwealth University researchers have discovered a novel strategy for creating superatoms -- combinations of atoms that can mimic the properties of more than one group of elements of the periodic table. These superatoms could be used to create new materials, including more efficient batteries and better semiconductors; a core component of microchips, transistors and most computerized devices.
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'Antifreeze' molecules may stop and reverse damage from brain injuries

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
The key to better treatments for brain injuries and disease may lie in the molecules charged with preventing the clumping of specific proteins associated with cognitive decline and other neurological problems, researchers from Penn report in a new study published in Neurobiology of Disease.
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Scientists discover how brain signals travel to drive language performance

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Using transcranial magnetic stimulation and network control theory, researchers have taken a novel approach to understanding how signals travel across the brain's highways and how stimulation can lead to better cognitive function.
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VLT makes most precise test of Einstein's general relativity outside Milky Way

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Astronomers using the ESO Very Large Telescope, and the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, have made the most precise test yet of Einstein's general theory of relativity outside the Milky Way. The galaxy ESO 325-G004 distorts light from a galaxy behind it and creates an Einstein ring around its centre. By comparing the mass of ESO 325-G004 with the curvature of space around it, astronomers found that gravity on these astronomical length-scales behaves as predicted by general relativity.
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Prop. 47 lessened racial disparities in drug arrests

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
In 2014, California voters approved Proposition 47, which reclassified drug possession offenses from felonies to misdemeanors, and in the process reduced the state's prison and jail populations. Now, a study out of UC San Francisco has quantified the effects of the ballot measure, which was at the leading edge of a national movement to reduce incarceration rates and change the criminal justice approach to substance use disorders.
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Antidiabetic action of natural fatty acid derivatives not confirmed

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
A team of researchers at Sanofi and Mainz University finds no positive action of isomers of the fatty acid derivatives 5- and 9-PAHSA in diabetes models.
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Coining less expensive currency: bringing down the cost of making nickels

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Cashing in on materials science, NIST makes a new nickel for use in the U.S. Mint. The work might be useful for building durable high-tech devices like smartphones, too.
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Writing away the body image blues

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Body dissatisfaction among women is widespread and can lead to a number of worrisome outcomes, including eating disorders, depression and anxiety. While researchers know a lot about what makes women's body image worse, they are still short on empirically supported interventions for improving women's body image. Northwestern psychology professor Renee Engeln tested the effect of three specific writing exercises on college women's body satisfaction, along with co-author Natalie G. Stern.
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Crisis can force re-evaluation and derail efforts to reach goals

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Setbacks are to be expected when pursuing a goal, whether you are trying to lose weight or save money. The challenge is getting back on track and not giving up after a difficulty or crisis, says an Iowa State marketing professor working on practical ways to help people stick to health-related goals.
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New study finds US oil & gas methane emissions 60 percent higher than estimated

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
The US oil and gas industry emits 13 million metric tons of the potent greenhouse gas methane from its operations each year, 60 percent more than estimated by the US Environmental Protection Agency, according to a new study published today in the journal Science.
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Hundreds of thousands of genomes shed light on psychiatric disorders

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
A massive undertaking by the Brainstorm Consortium to analyze the genomes of nearly 900,000 people has revealed important insights into the genetic overlap among some psychiatric diseases, as well as among personality traits.
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A quick rebound of Antarctic crust promotes ice-sheet stability

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
The unexpectedly rapid rebound of the Amundsen Sea Embayment (ASE) may help stabilize the West Antarctic Ice Sheet against catastrophic collapse, says a new study offering a rare silver-lining in glacier research.
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The lady's ape: Extinct gibbon discovered in royal ancient Chinese tomb

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
A new genus and species of gibbon has been identified in the most unexpected of places -- interred in the tomb of an ancient Chinese noble-woman.
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US methane emissions greater than thought, in recent years?

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Methane leakage from the US oil and natural gas supply chain is greater than previously estimated, researchers report. US oil and natural gas production has been growing steadily in the last decade.
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Northwestern researchers achieve unprecedented control of polymer grids

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
The first examples of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) were discovered in 2005, but quality has been poor and preparation methods uncontrolled. Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to produce high-quality versions of these materials, demonstrate their superior properties and control their growth. The team's two-step process produces organic polymers with crystalline, two-dimensional structures. The precision of the material's structure and the empty space its hexagonal pores provide will allow scientists to design new materials with desirable properties.
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New research provides expanded insights into the brain's response to opioids

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Opioids are powerful painkillers that act on the brain, but they have a range of harmful side effects including addiction. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in collaboration with researchers from the Medical University of Innsbruck, Austria, University of Innsbruck, and the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, have developed a tool that gives deeper insights into the brain's response to opioids.
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Antarctic ice sheet is melting, but rising bedrock below could slow it down

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
An international team of researchers has found that the bedrock below the remote West Antarctic Ice Sheet is rising much more rapidly than previously thought, in response to ongoing ice melt.
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