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What causes the sound of a dripping tap -- and how do you stop it?

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Scientists have solved the riddle behind one of the most recognisable, and annoying, household sounds: the dripping tap. And crucially, they have also identified a simple solution to stop it, which most of us already have in our kitchens.
Categories: Content

Normalisation of 'plus-size' risks hidden danger of obesity, study finds

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
New research warns that the normalisation of 'plus-size' body shapes may be leading to an increasing number of people underestimating their weight - undermining efforts to tackle England's ever-growing obesity problem.Analysis of data from almost 23,460 people who are overweight or obese revealed that weight misperception has increased in England. Men and individuals with lower levels of education and income are more likely to underestimate their weight status and consequently less likely to try to lose weight.
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Inhaled nitric oxide may reduce kidney complications from heart surgery

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Administration of nitric oxide gas during and for 24 hours following heart surgery decreased the risk of patients developing acute and chronic kidney problems, a randomized, controlled trial conducted in China found.
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A Doctor's Guide: How To Be A Patient Advocacy Rock Star (For You Or A Loved One)

ACSH - Jun 21 2018 - 15:06

With a constant surge of competing profit centers fragmenting healthcare, more layers than ever are in place eroding the doctor-patient relationship. Here is a doctor's guide to being your own advocate so as to assuage anxiety, eliminate unnecessary suffering, strengthen resilience and, therefore, improve outcome and recovery.

Categories: ACSH

'Science' Publishes Environmentalist Scaremongering

ACSH - Jun 21 2018 - 14:06

The online news arm of the journal Science is a solid source of information. However, recently it made a very strange editorial decision that could potentially harm its reputation.

Categories: ACSH

ACSH Explains: What's The Story On Trichloroethylene (TCE)?

ACSH - Jun 21 2018 - 07:06

The Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act which amends the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), was signed into law June 22nd, 2016 and created a mandatory requirement for EPA to evaluate existing chemicals with clear and enforceable deadlines, to do so in a transparent fashion, and to do so using risk-based chemical assessments rather than rely on simple epidemiological correlations. 

Categories: ACSH

Hey Scientists, Quantifying Baseball's Winning 'Chemistry' is a Loser's Game

ACSH - Jun 21 2018 - 07:06

When it comes to current scientific studies being conducted to measure "team chemistry" – and break it down into its parts, and create accompanying metrics so it can be calculated and potentially replicated – here's the score: This cannot be done.

Categories: ACSH

Born Capitalist? Even Before First Grade Kids Understand You Get What You Pay For

Science 2.0 - Jun 21 2018 - 06:06
From a young age, children have a nuanced understanding of how free markets work. A new study in Child Development indicates that children as young as five incorporate market concerns—the idea that what you get is in line with what you give or offer—into their decision making, and increasingly do so with age.

Some people think children are innately selfish, they want to get goodies for themselves, while others insist they are more communist, each will do more to help those who can't or won't do enough. By studying how children engage in different types of exchanges, researchers hope to discern the origins of these behaviors, as well as their developmental course.

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Categories: Science 2.0

An emerging drug discovery approach to combat cancer

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
This review paper will cover recent advances in the development of chemotherapeutic agents against several metabolic targets for cancer therapy, including glucose transporters, hexokinase, pyruvate kinase M2, glutaminase, and isocitrate dehydrogenase.
Categories: Content

New evidence brief shows long-term effects of child-family separation

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Parent-child separation has long-term effects on child well-being, even if there is subsequent reunification. After being separated, reunited children can experience lasting difficulty with emotional attachment to their parents, self-esteem, and physical and psychological health, according to a new brief released by the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD). The brief, written by scholars of SRCD's Latino Caucus, emphasizes that for some children, time does not appear to fully heal these psychological wounds.
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Starving fungi could save millions of lives each year

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Researchers have identified a potentially new approach to treating lethal fungal infections that claim more than 1.6 million lives each year: starving the fungi of key nutrients, preventing their growth and spread.
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Accurate measurements of sodium intake confirm relationship with mortality

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Eating foods high in salt is known to contribute to high blood pressure, but does that linear relationship extend to increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death? Recent cohort studies have contested that relationship, but a new study published in the International Journal of Epidemiology by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and their colleagues using multiple measurements confirms it.
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Study suggests bias for sons remains among second-generation women of South Asian descent

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
A preference for male children persists among second-generation mothers of South Asian descent, according to new study that found a skewed ratio of male-to-female babies born to these women in Ontario.
Categories: Content

First major study comparing robotic to open surgery published in The Lancet

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
The first comprehensive study comparing the outcomes of robotic surgery to those of traditional open surgery in any organ has found that the surgeries are equally effective in treating bladder cancer.
Categories: Content

Police killings of unarmed black Americans affect mental health of black community

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Black Americans are nearly three times more likely to be killed by police than their white counterparts, with even larger disparities among those who are unarmed. The trend is also harming the mental health of the black community, according to new research published in The Lancet.
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The Lancet: Police killings of unarmed black Americans impact mental health of wider black American population

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Police killings of unarmed black Americans have adverse effects on the mental health of black American adults in the general population, according to a new population-based study. With police killings of unarmed black Americans widely perceived to be a symptom of structural racism, the findings highlight the role of structural racism as a driver of population health disparities, and support recent calls to treat police killings as a public health issue.
Categories: Content

New technology helps to improve treatment for NHS patients with depression

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
New technology that has been found to reduce the probability of patients with depression and anxiety deteriorating during NHS psychological treatment by 74 percent.
Categories: Content

Princeton chemists teach an enzyme a new trick, with potential for building new molecules

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Princeton chemists led by Prof. Todd Hyster have found a way to make a naturally occurring enzyme take on a new, artificial role, which has significant implications for modern chemistry, including pharmaceutical production.
Categories: Content

Online professional development boosts teachers' confidence, knowledge

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Multiple factors make an effective professional development (PD) program for K-12 teachers. Focusing on content, active learning, collaboration and coaching support and using effective teaching models can broaden the knowledge of science teachers. However, many teachers are short on the resources needed to attend one-time short-term PD programs. The results of one online PD program for teachers will be shared at the American Physiological Society's (APS's) Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, Wis.
Categories: Content

'Exam Roulette' could quell essay-induced anxiety

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
For many students, essay tests are a source of dread and anxiety. But for professors, these tests provide an excellent way to assess a student's depth of knowledge and critical-thinking skills. At the American Physiological Society's (APS's) Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, Wis., Andrew Petzold, PhD, of the University of Minnesota Rochester Center for Learning Innovation, will discuss how a game of chance can lead to increased student preparation and motivation.
Categories: Content