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Strong sibling bond protects against negative effects of fighting parents

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Generally, children who experience recurrent destructive conflicts between their parents are at a higher risk of developing mental health problems. However, a new longitudinal study published in Child Development finds that strong sibling bonds can offset the negative effects of parental strife.
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About face: Special collection of papers celebrates research on how the human face forms

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Our faces can reveal a lot about us, and now scientists are revealing a lot about faces. PLOS Genetics announces a special collection of papers to highlight recent advances in our understanding of how faces form, curated by Seth Weinberg of the University of Pittsburgh, and colleagues. The collection, entitled "Craniofacial genetics: where have we been and where are we going," publishes June 22 and features research on the development of the face and skull, facial birth defects and normal facial variation.
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When low batteries are a good thing

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
A new study led by Marc Veldhoen, group leader at Instituto de Medicina Molecular João Lobo Antunes (iMM) shows how these cells are kept under control. The work published now in Science Immunology, reveals that the "batteries" of these cells have a different composition that reduces their capacity of producing energy, keeping them in a controlled activated mode.
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Low-cost plastic sensors could monitor a range of health conditions

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
An international team of researchers have developed a low-cost sensor made from semiconducting plastic that can be used to diagnose or monitor a wide range of health conditions, such as surgical complications or neurodegenerative diseases.
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Detecting metabolites at close range

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Pairing a conjugated polymer with a redox enzyme generates a fast, selective, and sensitive electrochemical biosensor for metabolites.
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Men tolerate stress incontinence years before seeking help

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Men often tolerate stress urinary incontinence for more than two years before seeking medical help -- and one-third put up with it for more than five years, making it important for doctors to check for this problem, a new study from UT Southwestern researchers advises.
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Using tree-fall patterns to calculate tornado wind speed

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Daniel M. Rhee, a PhD student at University of Illinois specializing in Structures in Civil Engineering, focuses his research on modeling tornadoes and near-surface wind speeds using tree-fall and damage patterns. With this method, Rhee and his research advisor, Franklin T. Lombardo, estimated the near-surface wind speeds of an actual tornado event in Naplate, IL. Rhee will present this research at the Ecological Society of America's 2018 Annual Meeting in New Orleans, LA.
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GA4GH streaming API htsget a bridge to the future for modern genomic data processing

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
In a paper in the journal Bioinformatics released on June 20, the Large Scale Genomics Work Stream announced six new implementations of its htsget protocol for streaming genomic without using file transfers.
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Dynamic modeling helps predict the behaviors of gut microbes

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
A new study provides a platform for predicting how microbial gut communities work and represents a first step toward understanding how to manipulate the properties of the gut ecosystem. This could allow scientists to, for example, design a probiotic that persists in the gut or tailor a diet to positively influence human health.
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First step to lasting wheat health

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Substantial reductions in a deadly root disease of wheat crops and corresponding increases in yields of grain and straw mark a significant advance in the continuing war to protect the staple cereal from the ravages of the take-all soil pathogen. Researchers have now shown that careful selection of the variety of the first wheat in a new cropping cycle can reduce the disease's severity and increase yields in the second crop variety.
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'Stealth' material hides hot objects from infrared eyes

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Infrared cameras are the heat-sensing eyes that help drones find their targets even in the dead of night or through heavy fog. Hiding from such detectors could become much easier, thanks to a new cloaking material that renders objects -- and people -- practically invisible.
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Collaborative model for post-disaster behavioral health recovery may serve as standard

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Faculty in LSU Health New Orleans schools of Medicine and Public Health and colleagues report that a collaborative effort to build capacity to address behavioral health and promote community resilience after the 2016 Great Flood in Baton Rouge, LA successfully expanded local behavioral health services delivery capacity and that the model may be useful to other disaster-struck communities.
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Overdose risk quintuples with opioid and benzodiazepine use

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
In the first 90 days of concurrent opioid and benzodiazepine use, the risk of opioid-related overdose increases five-fold compared to opioid-only use among Medicare recipients, according to a new study from the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy.
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Health insurance plans may be fueling opioid epidemic

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Health care insurers including Medicare, Medicaid and major private insurers have not done enough to combat the opioid epidemic, suggests a study led by researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
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What are insurance coverage policies for drug treatments for low back pain?

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
An analysis of prescription drug coverage policies for the treatment of low back pain suggests insurers could help to reduce opioid overuse by expanding access to opioid alternatives through coverage and reimbursement policies.
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How are chronic opioid use, 2016 presidential voting patterns associated?

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
An analysis of Medicare claims data suggests chronic opioid use in US counties corresponded with support for Republican Donald Trump in the 2016 presidential election, with much of the correlation explained by socioeconomic factors.
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Biorenewable, biodegradable plastic alternative synthesized by CSU chemists

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Colorado State University polymer chemists have taken another step toward a future of high-performance, biorenewable, biodegradable plastics. Publishing in Nature Communications, the team led by Professor of Chemistry Eugene Chen describes chemical synthesis of a polymer called bacterial poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) ­- or P3HB. The compound shows early promise as a substitute for petroleum plastics in major industrial uses.
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Western-led research team uncovers lost images from the 19th century

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Art curators will be able to recover images on daguerreotypes, the earliest form of photography that used silver plates, after a team of scientists led by Western University learned how to use light to see through degradation that has occurred over time.
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Scientists discover how antiviral gene works

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
It's been known for years that humans and other mammals possess an antiviral gene called RSAD2 that prevents a remarkable range of viruses from multiplying. Now, researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, part of Montefiore, have discovered the secret to the gene's success: The enzyme it codes for generates a compound that stops viruses from replicating. The newly discovered compound, described in today's online edition of Nature, offers a novel approach for attacking many disease-causing viruses.
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Challenging our understanding of how platelets are made

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Correlative light-electron microscopy is being used to increase our knowledge of how platelets are made in the body and the results are challenging previously held understandings.
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