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Telling job seekers how many other people have applied could boost diversity

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
Telling job applicants how many people applied for a job on LinkedIn - regardless of whether the number of applicants was high or low - increased the number of applications, a finding that could help companies that are seeking more diverse applicant pools, according to new research from Tufts University economist Laura Gee.
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Liquid cell transmission electron microscopy makes a window into the nanoscale

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
From energy materials to disease diagnostics, new microscopy techniques can provide more nuanced insight. Researchers first need to understand the effects of radiation on samples, which is possible with a new device developed for holding tightly sealed liquid cell samples for transmission electron microscopy.
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Researchers use 'environmental DNA' to identify killer whales in Puget Sound

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
When endangered killer whales swim through the sheltered waters of Puget Sound, they leave behind traces of 'environmental DNA' that researchers can detect as much as two hours later has found.

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Paint job transforms walls into sensors, interactive surfaces

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
Walls are what they are -- big, dull dividers. With a few applications of conductive paint and some electronics, however, walls can become smart infrastructure that sense human touch, and detect things like gestures and when appliances are used. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and Disney Research found that they could transform dumb walls into smart walls at relatively low cost using simple tools and techniques, such as a paint roller.
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Cigarillo packaging can influence product perception, study finds

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers surveyed 2,664 young adults who were current users, never users, or past users of little cigars and cigarillos, finding cigarillo packs with colors and containing a flavor descriptor were rated more positively for taste and smell, and health warnings didn't fully mitigate the draw of the packaging.
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Researchers identify brain mechanism linking PTSD and opioid addiction

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
Researchers at Western University have shown that the recall of traumatic memories enhances the rewarding effects of morphine, shedding light on the neurobiological link between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and opioid addiction.
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Detecting Alzheimer's disease before it's too late

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
The rate at which the protein beta-amyloid accumulates into the sticky plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is already slowing by the time a patient would be considered to have preclinical AD, according to a longitudinal study of healthy adults published in JNeurosci. The research suggests that anti-amyloid therapies would be most effective before individuals reach the threshold for preclinical AD, long before the first signs of memory issues.
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A neurobiological link between PTSD and addiction

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
Recalling traumatic memories enhances the rewarding effects of morphine in male rats, finds new research published in JNeurosci. These findings may help to explain the co-occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and addiction.
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Even a single mindfulness meditation session can reduce anxiety

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
Mindfulness meditation programs have shown promise for the treatment of anxiety, one of the most common mental health disorders in the US. New research suggests people can begin to derive psychological and physiological benefits from the practice after a single introductory session.
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Neutrons provide insights into increased performance for hybrid perovskite solar cells

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
Neutron scattering at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has revealed, in real time, the fundamental mechanisms behind the conversion of sunlight into energy in hybrid perovskite materials. A better understanding of this behavior will enable manufacturers to design solar cells with significantly increased efficiency.
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Special series examines the use of pasteurized donor human milk for vulnerable infants

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
If the use of mother's own milk is contraindicated (such as with a HIV positive mothers) or if a mother is unable to produce enough milk to meet her infant's needs, pasteurized donor human milk (PDHM) is the recommended alternative. In 2016, 5.25 million ounces of PDHM were distributed to hospitals caring for vulnerable infants across the United States and Canada.
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Watch your step: How vision leads locomotion

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
Using new technologies to track how vision guides foot placement, researchers at the University of Texas at Austin come one step closer in determining what is going on in the brain while we walk, paving the way for better treatment for mobility impairments -- strokes, aging and Parkinson's -- and technology development -- prosthetics and robots.
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New control strategy helps reap maximum power from wind farms

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
Researchers from the University of Texas at Dallas developed a way to extract more power from the wind. The researchers used supercomputers at the Texas Advanced Computing Center to filter out the effects of turbulence and apply control algorithms that can better manage the operation of wind farms. The approach has the potential to increase wind power generation by 6-7 percent with a estimated increase in revenue of more than $600 million nationwide.
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New study shows prenatal cannabis use associated with low birth weights

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
With marijuana use during pregnancy on the rise, a new study led by the Colorado School of Public Health shows that prenatal cannabis use was associated with a 50 percent increased likelihood of low birth weight, setting the stage for serious future health problems including infection and time spent in neonatal intensive care units.
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Dementia trend shows later onset with fewer years of the disease

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
People may be deteriorating into dementia later in life and living with it for a shorter period of time, a new study suggests.
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Johns Hopkins performs first total penis and scrotum transplant in the world

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
Many soldiers returning from combat bear visible scars, or even lost limbs, caused by blasts from improvised explosive devices, or IEDs. However, some servicemen also return with debilitating hidden injuries -- the loss of all or part of their genitals. Now, the Johns Hopkins reconstructive surgery team that performed the country's first bilateral arm transplant in a wounded warrior has successfully performed the first total penis and scrotum transplant in the world.
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A better fake leather, inspired by plants

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
Nature has inspired a coating for synthetic leather that repels oil and water--and keeps the material from getting sticky in the heat.
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New cell therapy aids heart recovery -- without implanting cells

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
A team led by Columbia University Biomedical Engineering Professor Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic has designed a creative new approach to help injured hearts regenerate by applying extracellular vesicles secreted by cardiomyocytes rather than implanting the cells. The study shows that the cardiomyocytes derived from human pluripotent stem cells (derived in turn from a small sample of blood) could be a powerful, untapped source of therapeutic microvesicles that could lead to safe and effective treatments of damaged hearts.
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Study highlights need for strength training in older women to ward off effects of aging

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
Study looked at 46 women across two different age ranges, 60-74 and 75-90, to learn how physical activity affects frailty differently in the two groups.
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Bias keeps women with higher body weights away from the doctor -- Drexel study

Eurekalert - 21 hours 2 min ago
The stigma of weight and internalized feelings relating to it were found in a Drexel University study to be associated with healthcare avoidance in women with higher body weights.
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