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Skin cancers linked with reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Previous studies have demonstrated a decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in individuals with various cancers, including non-melanoma skin cancers (including squamous cell cancers and basal cell cancers).
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Social values of masculinity and honor fuel contact with mafia-type groups

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Adherence to masculine honor among young Italian men is a strong indication they are likely to engage in contact with the mafia-type groups, new research led by a University of Kent psychologist has shown.
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Tai Chi improves brain metabolism and muscle energetics in older adults

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
A new Journal of Neuroimaging study provides insights into the biochemical mechanisms by which Tai Chi -- a mind-body exercise -- may provide both physical and psychological benefits.
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Biofeedback relaxation app may help kids during medical procedures

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
A new Pain Practice study indicates that biofeedback-assisted relaxation may help manage pain and anxiety in children undergoing medical procedures.
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Molecular motor: Four states of rotation

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
With the help of ultrafast spectroscopy and quantum mechanical calculations, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich researchers have characterized the complete rotational cycle of the light-driven, chemical motor molecule hemithioindigo.
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Depression during and after pregnancy may affect children's development

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy, in the first year postpartum, and in early childhood were linked with poorer child neurodevelopment in a recent Depression & Anxiety study.
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How can medical marijuana benefit older adults?

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Managing symptoms such as pain, nausea, and psychiatric illness can be challenging as people age.
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Novel discoveries on aggressive NK-cell leukemia pave the way for new treatments

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
International research consortium led by researchers from the University of Helsinki, Finland, discovered new information related to a rare form of leukemia called aggressive NK-cell leukemia. Potential new treatment options were found which are highly warranted as currently this disease usually leads to rapid death of patients.
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New study investigates whether Hans Asperger actively assisted the Nazi euthanasia program

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Pediatrician Hans Asperger, after whom the condition of Asperger syndrome was named, actively cooperated with the Nazi regime, according to a study published in the open-access journal Molecular Autism.
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Researchers find new way of exploring the afterglow from the Big Bang

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Researchers have developed a new way to improve our knowledge of the Big Bang by measuring radiation from its afterglow, called the cosmic microwave background radiation. The new results predict the maximum bandwidth of the universe, which is the maximum speed at which any change can occur in the universe.
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Swapping cars for shared bicycles would avoid up to 73 deaths per year

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
A new study underscores the health and economic benefits of the 12 largest European bicycle-sharing systems.
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Cancer: Tumor transition states

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Researchers at the Université libre de Bruxelles define for the first time the tumor transition states occurring during cancer progression and identify the tumor cell populations responsible for metastasis.
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Diamond-like carbon is formed differently to what was believed -- machine learning enables development of new model

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Researchers at Aalto University and Cambridge University have made a significant breakthrough in computational science by combining atomic-level modelling and machine learning. For the first time, the method has been used to realistically model how an amorphous material is formed at the atomic level: that is, a material that does not have a regular crystalline structure. The approach is expected to have impact on the research of many other materials.
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Innovations for investigating the plant tree of life

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Advances in genome sequencing are providing vast amounts of genetic information that researchers are using to explore the plant family tree. This special issue showcases cutting-edge techniques that are providing solutions to challenges in the study of evolution of species (or phylogenetics); issue highlights include an overview of current options for phylogenomic studies, a new natural language processing pipeline, metagenomics pipeline comparisons, and reviews of sequence capture methods and custom pipelines for marker selection.
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Policy driver of soil organic carbon accumulation in Chinese croplands identified

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Scientists from the Institute of Soil Science and collaborators conducted a comprehensive study that determined changes in SOC over the last three decades and identified the dominant agronomic, economic and policy drivers behind these changes and their implications for future carbon sequestration in Chinese croplands.
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New research: Eyes of adolescents could reveal risk of cardiovascular disease

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
New research has found that poorer well-being or 'health-related quality of life' (HRQoL) in adolescence could be an indicator of future cardiovascular disease risk. Researchers at The Westmead Institute for Medical Research found that adolescents with poorer scores in the social and mental well-being domains of HRQoL have structural changes in their retinal blood vessels that could be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in later life.
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Scientists identify unique binding mechanism of antifreeze molecule

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs), produced by polar fishes, are known as the inhibitor of ice growing while its mechanism has remained a mystery. Using molecular simulations, scientists have identified a unique molecular binding mechanism that helps keep non-mammalian creatures in sub-zero temperatures from freezing. The finding has potential future applications for better preserving food and biological tissue under extreme temperatures.
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Scientific guidelines for using cannabis to treat stress, anxiety and depression

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
In a first-of-a-kind study, Washington State University scientists examined how peoples' self-reported levels of stress, anxiety and depression were affected by smoking different strains and quantities of cannabis at home.
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The bugs in your gut could make you weak in the knees

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
Scientists have long thought that osteoarthritis in people who are obese was a consequence of excess wear and tear on joints, but a new study in JCI Insight suggests that the microbiome is the culprit. The study shows that a high fat diet (like the Western diet) can alter gut microbes, increase inflammation throughout the body, and speed deterioration of joints. An interesting twist: a common dietary supplement overturned these effects in mice.
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Thousands of tons of e-waste is shipped illegally to Nigeria inside used vehicles

Eurekalert - Apr 19 2018 - 00:04
A study into used electrical and electronic equipment sent to Nigeria, mostly from Europe, reveals a continuing 'severe problem' of non-compliance with rules governing such shipments. Of roughly 60,000 metric tons sent from other countries in 2015 and 2016, at least 15,400 tons was non-functioning e-waste, exports/imports of which are illegal.Almost 70 percent -- 41,500 tons -- arrived inside vehicles destined for Nigeria's secondhand auto market, thus avoiding normal inspections.
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