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Rapid and efficient oil-water separation achieved by newly-developed particles

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Recently, researchers from the Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry have developed an emulsion interfacial polymerization approach to synthesize anisotropic Janus particles with controllable topological and chemical anisotropy. This method can also be expanded to large-area fabrication of two-dimensional Janus film actuators.
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Physical exercise improves the life quality of those living in care homes for the elderly

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
An exercise programme adapted to the capabilities of each person has shown how effective it is in improving the physical as well as mental health of elderly people who live in residential care homes. The UPV/EHU's Ageing-On research group, responsible for developing it, has prepared a strategy to be able to spread its application not just across care homes.
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Digitalisation meets the Middle Ages

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Smartphones and touchscreens could turn museum visits into a digital and multimedia experience. In the months ahead, an example of this can be seen in Admont Abbey in Austria. In a special exhibition, the abbey is presenting fragments of the 'Admonter Abrogans', a Latin-German dictionary from the period of around 800. The cultural treasures have been made accessible through a multi-media presentation, which researchers of the Institute of Creative\Media/Technologies at St. Pölten University of Applied Sciences (Austria) has designed.
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Repurposing promising cancer drugs may lead to a new approach to treating TB

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Promising experimental cancer chemotherapy drugs may help knock out another life-threatening disease: tuberculosis (TB). A new study published by scientists at Texas Biomedical Research Institute in San Antonio pinpoints a mechanism in regulating cell death called apoptosis that is a potential new target for helping to control the bacterial infection (Mycobacterium tuberculosis or M.tb) that causes the lung disease TB.
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Yellowstone's 'landscape of fear' not so scary after all

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
After wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park in the mid-1990s, some scientists thought the large predator reestablished a 'landscape of fear' that caused elk, the wolf's main prey, to avoid risky places where wolves killed them. But according to findings from Michel Kohl and Dan MacNulty, Yellowstone's 'landscape of fear' is not as scary as first thought.
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Broken shuttle may interfere with learning in major brain disorders

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
A broken shuttle protein may hinder learning in people with intellectual disability, schizophrenia, or autism.
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Research team discovers drug compound that stops cancer cells from spreading

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
New research, published in the journal Nature Communications, shows that it may be possible to freeze cancer cells and kill them where they stand.
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What causes the sound of a dripping tap -- and how do you stop it?

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Scientists have solved the riddle behind one of the most recognisable, and annoying, household sounds: the dripping tap. And crucially, they have also identified a simple solution to stop it, which most of us already have in our kitchens.
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Normalisation of 'plus-size' risks hidden danger of obesity, study finds

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
New research warns that the normalisation of 'plus-size' body shapes may be leading to an increasing number of people underestimating their weight - undermining efforts to tackle England's ever-growing obesity problem.Analysis of data from almost 23,460 people who are overweight or obese revealed that weight misperception has increased in England. Men and individuals with lower levels of education and income are more likely to underestimate their weight status and consequently less likely to try to lose weight.
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Inhaled nitric oxide may reduce kidney complications from heart surgery

Eurekalert - Jun 22 2018 - 00:06
Administration of nitric oxide gas during and for 24 hours following heart surgery decreased the risk of patients developing acute and chronic kidney problems, a randomized, controlled trial conducted in China found.
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An emerging drug discovery approach to combat cancer

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
This review paper will cover recent advances in the development of chemotherapeutic agents against several metabolic targets for cancer therapy, including glucose transporters, hexokinase, pyruvate kinase M2, glutaminase, and isocitrate dehydrogenase.
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New evidence brief shows long-term effects of child-family separation

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Parent-child separation has long-term effects on child well-being, even if there is subsequent reunification. After being separated, reunited children can experience lasting difficulty with emotional attachment to their parents, self-esteem, and physical and psychological health, according to a new brief released by the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD). The brief, written by scholars of SRCD's Latino Caucus, emphasizes that for some children, time does not appear to fully heal these psychological wounds.
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Starving fungi could save millions of lives each year

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Researchers have identified a potentially new approach to treating lethal fungal infections that claim more than 1.6 million lives each year: starving the fungi of key nutrients, preventing their growth and spread.
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Accurate measurements of sodium intake confirm relationship with mortality

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Eating foods high in salt is known to contribute to high blood pressure, but does that linear relationship extend to increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death? Recent cohort studies have contested that relationship, but a new study published in the International Journal of Epidemiology by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and their colleagues using multiple measurements confirms it.
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Study suggests bias for sons remains among second-generation women of South Asian descent

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
A preference for male children persists among second-generation mothers of South Asian descent, according to new study that found a skewed ratio of male-to-female babies born to these women in Ontario.
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First major study comparing robotic to open surgery published in The Lancet

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
The first comprehensive study comparing the outcomes of robotic surgery to those of traditional open surgery in any organ has found that the surgeries are equally effective in treating bladder cancer.
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Police killings of unarmed black Americans affect mental health of black community

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Black Americans are nearly three times more likely to be killed by police than their white counterparts, with even larger disparities among those who are unarmed. The trend is also harming the mental health of the black community, according to new research published in The Lancet.
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The Lancet: Police killings of unarmed black Americans impact mental health of wider black American population

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Police killings of unarmed black Americans have adverse effects on the mental health of black American adults in the general population, according to a new population-based study. With police killings of unarmed black Americans widely perceived to be a symptom of structural racism, the findings highlight the role of structural racism as a driver of population health disparities, and support recent calls to treat police killings as a public health issue.
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New technology helps to improve treatment for NHS patients with depression

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
New technology that has been found to reduce the probability of patients with depression and anxiety deteriorating during NHS psychological treatment by 74 percent.
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Princeton chemists teach an enzyme a new trick, with potential for building new molecules

Eurekalert - Jun 21 2018 - 00:06
Princeton chemists led by Prof. Todd Hyster have found a way to make a naturally occurring enzyme take on a new, artificial role, which has significant implications for modern chemistry, including pharmaceutical production.
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