A deeper fundamental understanding of complex materials may now be possible, thanks to a pair of Princeton scientists who have uncovered a new insight into how crystals form.
The researchers' findings reveal a previously unknown mathematical relationship between the different arrangements that interacting particles can take while freezing. The discovery could give scientists insight into the essential behaviors of materials such as polymers, which are the basis of plastics.
Palestinian refugees in unofficial camps are living in slum conditions redolent of UK housing in the last century, finds research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
The research team surveyed 437 residents in all 97 households in the Gaza Displacement Centre in Beirut, Lebanon in May 2003.
The residents were quizzed about the number of rooms they lived in, access to outside air, the presence of mould and damp, as well as their age, education, and whether they had any long term conditions.
Europe must adopt the World Health Organization (WHO) standard on fine particulate matter pollution if it is to significantly curb needless premature deaths, concludes research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
Europe wants to cap average levels of fine particulate matter pollution (PM2.5) at 20 µg/m 3 by 2010.
But the equivalent standard recommended by the US Environmental Protection Agency is 15 µg/m 3, while that recommended by the World Health Organization is 10 µg/m 3 .
JACKSONVILLE, Fla. — Through one of the largest studies yet of Alzheimers disease (AD) patients and their brothers, sisters, and children, researchers at Mayo Clinic Jacksonville have found strong evidence that genes other than the well-known susceptibility risk factor APOE4 influence who is at risk for developing the neurodegenerative disease later in life.
Researchers from the University of Granada have for the first time analyzed the antioxidant properties of olive oil, a product rich in polyphenols. The Environmental, Biochemical and Nutritional Analytical-Control Research Group had already carried out the polyphenolic characterization of food products, such as honey and beer.
When asked about the state of todays youth, former president Jimmy Carter recently mused Ive been a professor at Emory University for the past twenty years and I interrelate with a wide range of students
I dont detect that this generation is any more committed to personal gain to the exclusion of benevolent causes than others have been in the past.
“We are blessed to have each other to depend on. If you have to go through something bad like cancer, you’re glad to have a friend to go through it with,” said one of two brothers from Savannah, Georgia recovering from robotic prostate cancer surgery. The two siblings flew to The Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York to have lifesaving surgery on the same day this week. Dr. David B.
Natural gas distributed throughout the Marcellus black shale in northern Appalachia could conservatively boost proven U.S. reserves by trillions of cubic feet if gas production companies employ horizontal drilling techniques, according to a Penn State and State University of New York, Fredonia, team.
"The value of this science could increment the net worth of U.S. energy resources by a trillion dollars, plus or minus billions," says Terry Engelder, professor of geosciences, at Penn State.
The annual bone fracture rate in England is just short of 4% of the population, which is more than double previous estimates, suggests a study in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
In 2000, the combined health and social care costs of hip fractures alone in the UK came to an estimated £726 million.
Half of middle aged men and four out of 10 elderly women have already sustained a fracture, the figures indicate.
Short male babies run more than double the risk of a violent suicide attempt as an adult, suggests a study in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
Catch up growth during childhood does not lessen the impact of short stature at birth, the research shows.
The findings are based on almost 320,000 Swedish men out of a total of more than 713,000 people all born between 1973 and 1980.
Using national registers, they were tracked from birth to the date of attempted suicide, death, emigration, or the end of 1999, whichever came first.